Shin Akakura

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Glomerular parietal epithelial cells (PECs) are precursors to podocytes in mature glomeruli; however, as progenitors, the distinct intrinsic mechanisms that allow for repeated periods of cell-cycle arrest and re-entry of PECs after glomerulogenesis are unknown. Here, we show that the Src-suppressed protein kinase C substrate (SSeCKS), a multivalent(More)
Cellular dynamics are controlled by key signaling molecules such as cAMP-dependent protein kinase (PKA) and protein kinase C (PKC). AKAP12/SSeCKS/Gravin (AKAP12) is a scaffold protein for PKA and PKC which controls actin-cytoskeleton reorganization in a spatiotemporal manner. AKAP12 also acts as a tumor suppressor which regulates cell-cycle progression and(More)
The emergence of recurrent, metastatic prostate cancer following the failure of androgen-deprivation therapy represents the lethal phenotype of this disease. However, little is known regarding the genes and pathways that regulate this metastatic process, and moreover, it is unclear whether metastasis is an early or late event. The individual genetic loss of(More)
A subset of AKAPs (A Kinase Anchoring Proteins) regulate signaling and cytoskeletal pathways through the spaciotemporal scaffolding of multiple protein kinases (PK) such as PKC and PKA, and associations with the plasma membrane and the actin-based cytoskeleton. SSeCKS/Gravin/Akap12 expression is severely downregulated in many advanced cancers and exhibits(More)
SSeCKS/Gravin/AKAP12 (SSeCKS) is a kinase scaffolding protein that encodes metastasis-suppressor activity through the suppression of Src-mediated oncogenic signaling and vascular endothelial growth factor expression. SSeCKS expression is down-regulated in Src- and Ras-transformed fibroblasts, in human cancer cell lines and in several types of human cancer,(More)
Systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE), which spontaneously develops in (NZB (New Zealand Black) x NZW (New Zealand White)) F1 mice, is strictly dependent on CD4+ T cells. We found that in these mice with overt SLE, CD4+ T cells expressing CD69 molecules, an early activation Ag, are dramatically increased in peripheral lymphoid tissues and inflammatory(More)
The MHC haplotype heterozygosity (H-2d/H-2z) acts as one major predisposing genetic element for autoimmune disease resembling systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) in the F1 hybrid of NZB (H-2d) and NZW (H-2z) mice. To determine a possible role of mixed-haplotype A molecules, we introduced a transgene A beta z into H-2d/H-2d homozygous (NZB x NZW.H-2d)F1 mice,(More)
The ability of SSeCKS/Gravin/AKAP12 (SSeCKS) to negatively regulate cell cycle progression is thought to relate to its spatiotemporal scaffolding activity for key signaling molecules such as protein kinase A and C, calmodulin and cyclins. SSeCKS is downregulated upon progression to malignancy in many cancer types, including melanoma and nonmelanoma skin(More)
One notable functional abnormality in murine and human systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) is the defect in the production of IL-2 in association with the deficit in naive CD4+ T cells. The mechanism is unknown, but one idea is that naturally occurring autoantibodies with specificities to the naive CD4+ T cell subpopulation are related to this event. We(More)
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