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BACKGROUND Early infantile epileptic encephalopathies usually manifest as severely impaired cognitive and motor development and often result in a devastating permanent global developmental delay and intellectual disability. A large set of genes has been implicated in the aetiology of this heterogeneous group of disorders. Among these, the ion(More)
CaV1.2 interacts with the Ca(2+) sensor proteins, calmodulin (CaM) and calcium-binding protein 1 (CaBP1), via multiple, partially overlapping sites in the main subunit of CaV1.2, α1C. Ca(2+)/CaM mediates a negative feedback regulation of Cav1.2 by incoming Ca(2+) ions (Ca(2+)-dependent inactivation (CDI)). CaBP1 eliminates this action of CaM through a(More)
In the heart, adrenergic stimulation activates the β-adrenergic receptors coupled to the heterotrimeric stimulatory Gs protein, followed by subsequent activation of adenylyl cyclase, elevation of cyclic AMP levels, and protein kinase A (PKA) activation. One of the main targets for PKA modulation is the cardiac L-type Ca²⁺ channel (CaV1.2) located in the(More)
Interaction of calmodulin (CaM) with the C-terminus (CT) of the L-type Ca(V)1.2 channel is crucial for Ca(2+)-dependent inactivation (CDI). CaM also binds to the N-terminus (NT), and a CaM-formed "bridge" between CT and NT has been proposed to control CDI. We characterized the interaction of CaM with its NT-binding peptide. Binding is Ca(2+)-dependent with(More)
CaBP1 is a Ca(2+)-binding protein that regulates the gating of voltage-gated (Ca(V)) Ca(2+) channels. In the Ca(V)1.2 channel α(1)-subunit (α(1C)), CaBP1 interacts with cytosolic N- and C-terminal domains and blunts Ca(2+)-dependent inactivation. To clarify the role of the α(1C) N-terminal domain in CaBP1 regulation, we compared the effects of CaBP1 on two(More)
Proper expression and function of the cardiac pacemaker is a critical feature of heart physiology. Two main mechanisms have been proposed: (i) the "voltage-clock," where the hyperpolarization-activated funny current If causes diastolic depolarization that triggers action potential cycling; and (ii) the "Ca(2+) clock," where cyclical release of Ca(2+) from(More)
KEY POINTS β-Adrenergic stimulation enhances Ca2+ entry via L-type CaV 1.2 channels, causing stronger contraction of cardiac muscle cells. The signalling pathway involves activation of protein kinase A (PKA), but the molecular details of PKA regulation of CaV 1.2 remain controversial despite extensive research. We show that PKA regulation of CaV 1.2 can be(More)
L-type voltage dependent Ca(2+) channels (L-VDCCs; Ca(v)1.2) are crucial in cardiovascular physiology. In heart and smooth muscle, hormones and transmitters operating via G(q) enhance L-VDCC currents via essential protein kinase C (PKC) involvement. Heterologous reconstitution studies in Xenopus oocytes suggested that PKC and G(q)-coupled receptors(More)
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