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A rapid purification method was developed to isolate milligram quantities of human acid sphingomyelinase from the media of overexpressing Chinese hamster ovary cells. The purified, recombinant enzyme (rhASM) had physical and kinetic characteristics that were consistent with those reported for the non-recombinant enzyme, including an acidic pH optimum and(More)
An inherited deficiency of acid sphingomyelinase (ASM) activity results in the Type A and B forms of Niemann-Pick disease (NPD). Using the ASM-deficient mouse model (ASMKO) of NPD, we evaluated the efficacy of enzyme replacement therapy (ERT) for the treatment of this disorder. Recombinant human ASM (rhASM) was purified from the media of overexpressing(More)
Acid sphingomyelinase (ASM; sphingomyelin phosphodiesterase, EC is the lysosomal enzyme that hydrolyzes sphingomyelin (SPM) to phosphorylcholine and ceramide. An inherited deficiency of ASM activity results in Types A and B Niemann-Pick disease (NPD). In this study we report a new assay method to detect ASM activity and diagnose NPD using the(More)
Comparative kinetic studies with glycon inhibitors were used to investigate the properties of the active site of human acid beta-glucosidase (EC from normal placenta and spleens of type 1 Ashkenazi Jewish Gaucher disease (AJGD) patients. With the pure normal enzyme, the specificity of glycon binding was assessed with 35 glucose derivatives and(More)
Fluorescent derivatives of cerebroside sulfate (sulfogalactosyl ceramide, sulfatide) containing long-wavelength-emission fluorophores were synthesized. For this purpose a procedure was developed for preparing a cerebroside 3-sulfate derivative with an amino group on the terminal carbon atom of its fatty acyl residue. The latter compound has been used to(More)
The effects of perhexiline maleate on growth and drug sensitivity were studied in the P388 murine leukemia cell line and in an anthracycline-resistant subline (P388/ADR). At noninhibitory concentrations, perhexiline maleate markedly increased the sensitivity of P388/ADR cells to doxorubicin but did not have such an effect on anthracycline-sensitive cells.(More)
Numerous studies have demonstrated the participation of sphingolipids in signal transduction and regulation of cell growth. Several cellular stress agents have been shown to elevate ceramide, the basic precursor of all sphingolipids, initiating a cascade of events leading to arrest of the cell cycle, apoptosis and cell death. Aiming at inhibiting metabolic(More)
Gaucher disease, resulting from the decreased activity of the lysosomal enzyme glucocerebrosidase, is the most prevalent sphingolipid storage disease. Due to considerable heterogeneity of phenotypic expression, it has been subdivided into the nonneurological type 1 disease, and types 2 and 3, the neurological types. We describe homozygosity for the D409H(More)
Gaucher disease is a heterogeneous disease characterized by impaired activity of the lysosomal enzyme glucocerebrosidase. This heterogeneity is attributed to a large number of mutations in the corresponding gene. In order to test the biochemical properties of some mutations prevalent among Israeli populations, the normal human glucocerebrosidase cDNA and(More)