Shimon Efrat

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Beta cell replacement is a promising approach for treatment of type 1 diabetes; however, it is limited by a shortage of pancreas donors. The pluripotent MSC in adult bone marrow (BM) offer an attractive source of stem cells for generation of surrogate beta cells. BM-MSC can be obtained with relative ease from each patient, allowing potential circumvention(More)
Human induced pluripotent stem cells (HiPSCs) appear to be highly similar to human embryonic stem cells (HESCs). Using two genetic lineage-tracing systems, we demonstrate the generation of iPSC lines from human pancreatic islet beta cells. These reprogrammed cells acquired markers of pluripotent cells and differentiated into the three embryonic germ layers.(More)
Conditional oncogene expression in transgenic mice is of interest for studying the oncoprotein requirements during tumorigenesis and for deriving cell lines that can be induced to undergo growth arrest and enhance their differentiated functions. We utilized the bacterial tetracycline (Tet)-resistance operon regulatory system (tet) from Tn10 of Escherichia(More)
OBJECTIVE Expansion of insulin-producing beta-cells from adult human islets could alleviate donor shortage for cell-replacement therapy of diabetes. A major obstacle to development of effective expansion protocols is the rapid loss of beta-cell markers in the cultured cells. Here, we report a genetic cell-lineage tracing approach for following the fate of(More)
beta-Cell transplantation is viewed as a cure for type 1 diabetes; however, it is limited by the number of pancreas donors. Human stem cells offer the promise of an abundant source of insulin-producing cells, given the existence of methods for manipulating their differentiation. We have previously demonstrated that the expression of the beta-cell(More)
The regulatory region of the rat preproglucagon gene targets expression of the SV40 large T oncoprotein to two cell types in transgenic mice, the pancreatic alpha cells and a set of neurons localized in the hindbrain, both of which normally produce preproglucagon. Additional neurons in the forebrain and midbrain stain for T antigen but do not express the(More)
BACKGROUND Expansion of beta cells from the limited number of adult human islet donors is an attractive prospect for increasing cell availability for cell therapy of diabetes. However, attempts at expanding human islet cells in tissue culture result in loss of beta-cell phenotype. Using a lineage-tracing approach we provided evidence for massive(More)
Reactive oxygen species (ROS) contribute to target-cell damage in inflammatory and iron-overload diseases. Little is known about iron transport regulation during inflammatory attack. Through a combination of in vitro and in vivo studies, we show that the proinflammatory cytokine IL-1β induces divalent metal transporter 1 (DMT1) expression correlating with(More)
Three pancreatic beta-cell lines have been established from insulinomas derived from transgenic mice carrying a hybrid insulin-promoted simian virus 40 tumor antigen gene. The beta tumor cell (beta TC) lines maintain the features of differentiated beta cells for about 50 passages in culture. The cells produce both proinsulin I and II and efficiently process(More)
Beta-cell replacement is considered to be the most promising approach for treatment of type 1 diabetes. Its application on a large scale is hindered by a shortage of cells for transplantation. Activation of insulin expression, storage, and regulated secretion in stem/progenitor cells offers novel ways to overcome this shortage. We explored whether fetal(More)