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Decreased left ventricular (LV) longitudinal strain and increased circumferential LV strain have been demonstrated in patients with severe aortic stenosis (AS) and normal LV ejection fraction (LVEF). Biplane myocardial mechanics normalize after aortic valve replacement (AVR). This study objective was to examine LV mechanics before and soon after AVR in(More)
BACKGROUND Echocardiographic estimation of global left ventricular (LV) function is subjective and time consuming. Our aim was to develop a novel approach for assessment of global LV function from 2-dimensional echocardiographic images METHODS Novel computer software for tissue tracking was developed and applied as follows: digital loops were acquired(More)
BACKGROUND We recently have shown a high incidence of unexplained pulmonary hypertension (PHT) in end-stage renal disease (ESRD) patients on chronic haemodialysis (HD) therapy via arterio-venous (A-V) access. This study evaluated the possibility that PHT in these patients is triggered or aggravated by chronic HD via surgical A-V access, and the role of(More)
BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVE The role of factors that increase left atrial pressure or cause acute left atrial dilatation is frequently emphasised in the pathogenesis of atrial fibrillation (AF) in patients with acute myocardial infarction (AMI). This study was designed to test the hypothesis that functional mitral regurgitation (FMR) occurring after AMI may(More)
Pulmonary hypertension in patients with end-stage renal disease on hemodialysis is a newly described entity. To determine its impact, we measured selected clinical variables in the survival of 127 hemodialysis patients. Overall, pulmonary hypertension was found in 37 of these patients; it was already prevalent in 17 of them before initiation of dialysis and(More)
Patients with diabetes presenting with acute myocardial infarction (AMI) have an increased rate of death and heart failure. Patients with diabetes homozygous for the haptoglobin (Hp) 1 allele (Hp 1-1) develop fewer vascular complications. We tested the hypothesis that Hp type is related to the outcome of patients with diabetes presenting with AMI. We(More)
Pulmonary hypertension (PH) is a progressive, fatal pulmonary circulatory disease that accompanies many conditions (including left to right side shunt) with compensatory elevated cardiac output. PH also complicates chronic hemodialysis (HD) therapy immediately after the creation of an arteriovenous (AV) access, even before starting HD therapy. It tends to(More)
BACKGROUND End-stage renal disease (ESRD) patients receiving chronic hemodialysis (HD) via an arteriovenous (A-V) access often develop unexplained pulmonary hypertension (PHT). This study evaluated the role of pulmonary calcification (PC) in this phenomenon. METHODS The clinical manifestations, systolic pulmonary artery pressure (PAP) values measured by(More)
Mechanisms for atrial arrhythmias that occur in the context of acute myocardial infarction (AMI) have not been well characterized. AMI often leads to alterations in left ventricular (LV) filling dynamics, which may result in advanced diastolic dysfunction. Diastolic dysfunction may produce increased left atrial (LA) pressure and initiate LA remodeling,(More)
Doppler echocardiography plays an important role in the evaluation of patients with prosthetic valves. The evaluation of flow velocities across prosthetic valves is more complicated compared with native valves, and flow velocities are specific for various types, positions, and sizes of prostheses. Because all prosthetic valves are at least mildly stenotic(More)