Shimoga R Prakash

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Presenilins are integral membrane protein involved in the production of amyloid beta-protein. Mutations of the presenilin-1 and -2 gene are associated with familial Alzheimer's disease and are thought to alter gamma-secretase cleavage of the beta-amyloid precursor protein, leading to increased production of longer and more amyloidogenic forms of A beta, the(More)
Simvastatin (SV), an analog of lovastatin, is the lactone form of 1', 2', 6', 7', 8', 8a'-hexahydro-3,5-dihydroxy-2', 6'-dimethyl-8' (2", 2"-dimethyl-1"-oxobutoxy)-1'-naphthalene-heptanoic acid (SVA) which lowers plasma cholesterol by inhibiting 3-hydroxy-3-methylglutaryl-CoA reductase. SV but not its corresponding hydroxy acid form SVA underwent microsomal(More)
Tandutinib is a tyrosine kinase inhibitor under investigation for the treatment of solid and hematological tumors. We evaluated efflux transporter substrate specificity of tandutinib in Caco-2 cells, and the role of efflux transporters in the disposition of tandutinib in rats and efflux transporter knock-out mice. These studies demonstrated that tandutinib(More)
The in vitro pharmacological profile of a novel small molecule corticotropin-releasing factor 1 (CRF1) receptor antagonist, ( )N-[2-methyl-4-methoxyphenyl]-1-(1-(methoxymethyl)propyl)6-methyl-1H-1,2,3-triazolo[4,5-c]pyridin-4-amine (SN003), and the characteristics of its radioligand ([H]SN003) are described. SN003 has high affinity and selectivity for CRF1(More)
Whereas ketoconazole is often used to study the worst-case scenario for clinical pharmacokinetic drug-drug interactions (DDIs) for drugs that are primarily metabolized by CYP3A4, fluconazole is considered to be a moderate inhibitor of CYP3A4, providing assessment of the moderate-case scenario of CYP3A-based DDIs. Fluconazole is also a moderate inhibitor of(More)
Ketoconazole has generally been used as a standard inhibitor for studying clinical pharmacokinetic drug-drug interactions (DDIs) of drugs that are primarily metabolized by CYP3A4/5. However, ketoconazole at therapeutic, high concentrations also inhibits cytochromes P450 (P450) other than CYP3A4/5, which has made the predictions of DDIs less accurate.(More)
Metabolism of lovastatin, a new cholesterol-lowering drug, by liver microsomes from rats and mice was investigated. Liver microsomes from rats catalyzed biotransformation of lovastatin at a rate of 3 nmol/mg of protein/min, whereas the rate of metabolism was 37% higher with liver microsomes from mice. The profiles of metabolites were similar, but the(More)
The in vitro pharmacological profile of a novel small molecule corticotropin-releasing factor 1 (CRF(1)) receptor antagonist, (+/-)-N-[2-methyl-4-methoxyphenyl]-1-(1-(methoxymethyl)propyl)-6-methyl-1H-1,2,3-triazolo[4,5-c]pyridin-4-amine (SN003), and the characteristics of its radioligand ([(3)H]SN003) are described. SN003 has high affinity and selectivity(More)
Orteronel is a nonsteroidal, selective inhibitor of 17,20-lyase that was recently in phase 3 clinical development as a treatment for castration-resistant prostate cancer. In humans, the primary clearance route for orteronel is renal excretion. Human liver microsomal studies indicated that orteronel weakly inhibits CYP1A2, 2C8, 2C9 and 2C19, with IC50 values(More)