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The traditional Chinese medicines (TCMs) are essential components of alternative medicines. Many TCMs are known to alter the expression of hepatic drug-metabolizing enzymes and transporters. The molecular mechanism by which TCMs and/or their constituents regulate enzyme and transporter expression, however, has remained largely unknown. In this report, we(More)
St. John's wort extract (SJW) (Hypericum perforatum L.) is among the most commonly used herbal medications in the United States. The predominance of clinical reports indicates that SJW increases the activity of cytochrome P450 3A4 (CYP3A4) enzyme and reduces plasma concentrations of certain drugs. Although the inductive effect of SJW on CYP3A4 is clear,(More)
OBJECTIVE To evaluate the safety and pharmacokinetics of MIV-150 and zinc acetate in a carrageenan gel (PC-1005). Acceptability, adherence, and pharmacodynamics were also explored. DESIGN A 3-day open-label safety run-in (n = 5) preceded a placebo-controlled, double-blind trial in healthy, HIV-negative, abstinent women randomized (4:1) to vaginally apply(More)
Azole antifungal agents are known to inhibit cytochrome P450 3A (CYP3A) enzymes. Limited information is available regarding the effect of voriconazole on CYP3A activity. We examined the effect of voriconazole on CYP3A activity in human liver microsomes as measured by the formation of 6β-hydroxytestosterone from testosterone. We also evaluated the(More)
Enhancing radiosensitivity is an important area of investigation for improving breast cancer therapy outcomes. The aim of this study was to assess the role of the miR-15 family in the radiosensitivity of breast cancer cells. MicroRNAs (miRNAs) encoded by the miR-15 cluster are known to induce G1 arrest and apoptosis by targeting G1 checkpoints and the(More)
A sensitive and specific high-performance liquid chromatographic ultraviolet method for the determination of fluconazole in human whole blood has been developed and validated. Whole blood samples were processed by a solid phase extraction procedure using an Oasis HLB extraction cartridge before chromatography. Phenacetin was used as the internal standard.(More)
BACKGROUND Alterations in the function of androgen receptor (AR) and its signaling pathway may be responsible for the progression of prostate cancer. The goal of the present study was to investigate the potential roles of AR structural and functional alterations in the progression of prostate cancer, and the relationship between the structure and function(More)
BACKGROUND Inhaled amphotericin preparations have been used for prophylaxis against invasive aspergillosis in lung transplant recipients. However, no published data exist regarding the pharmacokinetic profile of amphotericin B lipid complex in lung transplant recipients. METHODS We prospectively determined the concentrations of amphotericin B in the(More)
Although glucocorticoid (GC) has been reported to inhibit macrophage killing activity and cytokine production in response to proinflammatory stimuli, the effect of GC on macrophage proliferation is controversial. In our previous study, we found that inhibition of glucocorticoid receptor (GR) expression in murine macrophage cell line RAW264.7 cells(More)
Previous studies have shown that dexamethasone (Dex) induces the expression of TGF-beta1 in androgen-independent prostate cancer both in vitro and in vivo. However, it is not clear whether Dex has a direct effect on the expression of TGF-beta receptors. In this study, using the androgen-independent human prostate cancer cell line, PC-3 cells, we(More)