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Breast cancer resistance protein (BCRP), an ABC half-transporter, is overexpressed in cancer cell lines selected with doxorubicin/verapamil, topotecan, or mitoxantrone. BCRP-overexpressing cells show cross-resistance to camptothecin derivatives such as irinotecan, SN-38 (the active metabolite of irinotecan), and topotecan. To test whether BCRP confers SN-38(More)
Definitive risk factors for the development of adult T-cell leukemia (ATL) among asymptomatic human T-cell leukemia virus type I (HTLV-1) carriers remain unclear. Recently, HTLV-1 proviral loads have been evaluated as important predictors of ATL, but a few small prospective studies have been conducted. We prospectively evaluated 1218 asymptomatic HTLV-1(More)
PURPOSE To determine the frequency of the deletions of p15/p16 genes in adult T-cell leukemia (ATL) cells and to evaluate their value in the diagnosis of clinical subtypes of ATL patients and the prediction of their clinical outcome. MATERIALS AND METHODS Peripheral-blood samples from 114 patients with ATL were examined by Southern blot analysis. In five(More)
Chemokines and chemokine receptors play important roles in migration and tissue localization of various lymphocyte subsets. Here, we report the highly frequent expression of CCR4 in adult T-cell leukemia (ATL) and human T-cell leukemia virus type 1 (HTLV-1)-immortalized T cells. Flow cytometric analysis revealed that ATL and HTLV-1-immortalized T-cell lines(More)
We tested the antimicrobial activity of superoxidized water against methicillin-sensitive Staphylococcus aureus, methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus, Staphylococcus epidermidis, Serratia marcescens, Escherichia coli, Pseudomonas aeruginosa and Burkholderia cepacia. The number of bacteria was reduced below detection limit following incubation in(More)
Blastic natural killer (NK) cell lymphoma corresponding to CD4+CD56+ malignancies is a novel disease entity, according to the results of clinical, morphologic, and immunologic studies. It is especially noteworthy that this disease likely arises from plasmacytoid dendritic cells (pDCs), described previously as plasmacytoid T-cells, which have an important(More)
Gram-negative rods (GNR) carrying the transferable carbapenem resistance gene blaIMP, including Pseudomonas aeruginosa and Serratia marcescens, have been isolated from more than 20 hospitals in Japan. Although the emergence of such multiple-drug-resistant bacteria is of utmost clinical concern, little information in regard to the distribution of(More)
Adult T-cell leukemia/lymphoma (ATLL) is a malignancy of mature T-cell origin with multi-organ involvement. Because the chemokine receptors play crucial roles in tissue-specific homing of mature lymphocytes, particular chemokine receptors expressed on ATLL cells may be involved in their tissue infiltration. We thus performed a comprehensive survey on the(More)
INTRODUCTION Sepsis is a serious medical condition that requires rapidly administered, appropriate antibiotic treatment. Conventional methods take three or more days for final pathogen identification and antimicrobial susceptibility testing. We organized a prospective observational multicenter study in three study sites to evaluate the diagnostic accuracy(More)
The long-term prognosis of indolent adult T-cell leukemia-lymphoma (ATL) is not clearly elucidated. From 1974 to 2003, newly diagnosed indolent ATL in 90 patients (65 chronic type and 25 smoldering type) was analyzed. The median survival time was 4.1 years; 12 patients remained alive for more than 10 years, 44 progressed to acute ATL, and 63 patients died.(More)