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Definitive risk factors for the development of adult T-cell leukemia (ATL) among asymptomatic human T-cell leukemia virus type I (HTLV-1) carriers remain unclear. Recently, HTLV-1 proviral loads have been evaluated as important predictors of ATL, but a few small prospective studies have been conducted. We prospectively evaluated 1218 asymptomatic HTLV-1(More)
Chemokines and chemokine receptors play important roles in migration and tissue localization of various lymphocyte subsets. Here, we report the highly frequent expression of CCR4 in adult T-cell leukemia (ATL) and human T-cell leukemia virus type 1 (HTLV-1)-immortalized T cells. Flow cytometric analysis revealed that ATL and HTLV-1-immortalized T-cell lines(More)
Recently, it has been proposed that novel methodologies are needed to re-evaluate apoptotic cell death, as studies of apoptosis have shown it to be a complex process. Since mitochondria are key regulators in cell death pathways, we developed a simultaneous 3-parameter flow cytometric analysis that incorporates the change in mitochondrial membrane potential(More)
Pseudomonas aeruginosa is an important opportunistic human pathogen. Certain strains can transmigrate across epithelial cells, and their invasive phenotype is correlated with capacity to cause invasive human disease and fatal septicemia in mice. Four multidrug efflux systems have been described in P. aeruginosa, however, their contribution to virulence is(More)
BACKGROUND HTLV-1 causes adult T-cell leukemia (ATL). Although there have been many studies on the oncogenesis of the viral protein Tax, the precise oncogenic mechanism remains to be elucidated. Recently, a new viral factor, HTLV-1 basic Zip factor (HBZ), encoded from the minus strand mRNA was discovered and the current models of Tax-centered ATL cell(More)
Fas antigen (Apo-1/CD95) is an apoptosis-signaling cell surface receptor belonging to the tumor necrosis factor receptor superfamily. Adult T cell leukemia (ATL) cells express Fas antigen and show apoptosis after treatment with an anti-Fas monoclonal antibody. We established the ATL cell line KOB, which showed resistance to Fas-mediated apoptosis, and found(More)
PURPOSE Breast cancer resistance protein (BCRP/ABCG2), an ATP binding cassette half-transporter, confers resistance to mitoxantrone, doxorubicin, and topoisomerase I inhibitors of irinotecan and topotecan. Recently, we reported that BCRP efficiently transported SN-38 (the active metabolite of irinotecan) with a high affinity in lung cancer cells in vitro(More)
INTRODUCTION Sepsis is a serious medical condition that requires rapidly administered, appropriate antibiotic treatment. Conventional methods take three or more days for final pathogen identification and antimicrobial susceptibility testing. We organized a prospective observational multicenter study in three study sites to evaluate the diagnostic accuracy(More)
Dendritic cells (DCs) play a pivotal role in the pathogenesis of inflammatory disorders. Thus, suppressing the activity of DCs is instrumental in treating such diseases. Here we show that a proteasome inhibitor bortezomib suppresses survival and immunostimulatory function of human plasmacytoid DCs (pDCs) by targeting two critical points, intracellular(More)
Pseudomonas aeruginosa causes both invasive (bacteremic) and chronic noninvasive infections. A simple in vitro system to screen P. aeruginosa clinical isolates for their capacity to penetrate MDCK cell monolayers has been developed. By means of this system, P. aeruginosa clinical isolates, including 32 blood and 45 respiratory isolates, were examined. When(More)