Shikhar Mehrotra

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T helper 17 (Th17) cells play a complex and controversial role in tumor immunity and have been found to exhibit a fluctuating identity within the context of cancer. The recent, expanding literature on these cells attests to their puzzling nature, either promoting or suppressing tumor growth depending on the malignancy and course of therapeutic intervention(More)
Reactive oxygen species (ROS) are thought to have effects on T-cell function and proliferation. Low concentrations of ROS in T cells are a prerequisite for cell survival, and increased ROS accumulation can lead to apoptosis/necrosis. The cellular redox state of a T cell can also affect T-cell receptor signaling, skewing the immune response. Various T-cell(More)
Prostate-specific antigen (PSA) is a valuable marker antigen for prostate cancer. Lately considerable interest has been generated in the prospect of developing a vaccine for prostate cancer with PSA-derived peptide epitopes to induce cytotoxic T-cell (CTL) response. We report here that T cells capable of exhibiting PSA epitope-specific effector function—in(More)
Cytolytic T cell-centric active specific and adoptive immunotherapeutic approaches might benefit from the simultaneous engagement of CD4(+) T cells. Considering the difficulties in simultaneously engaging CD4(+) and CD8(+) T cells in tumor immunotherapy, especially in an Ag-specific manner, redirecting CD4(+) T cells to MHC class I-restricted epitopes(More)
CD8(+) T cells respond to antigen stimulation through a process of activation, division, and differentiation generating a large pool of activated effector cytolytic T lymphocytes (CTLs). Many cancer patients harbor the accordant precursor CTLs capable of responding to various tumor-associated antigens (TAA). In selected cases, vaccination with these TAA can(More)
Cytotoxic T lymphocytes (CTL) may undergo massive expansion upon appropriate antigenic stimulation. Homeostasis is maintained by a subsequent "contraction" of these cells. Activation-induced cell death (AICD) and programmed cell death prevent the untoward side effects, arising from excessive numbers and prolonged persistence of activated CTL, that occur(More)
Adoptive transfer of tumor-reactive T cells has emerged as a promising advance in tumor immunotherapy. Specifically, infusion of tumor-infiltrating lymphocytes has led to long-term objective clinical responses for patients with metastatic melanoma. Donor lymphocyte infusion is also an effective treatment of post-transplant lymphoproliferative disease.(More)
Dendritic cells (DC) capture antigens from apoptotic and/or necrotic tumor cells and cross-present them to T cells, and various ways of delivering tumor antigens to DC in vitro and in vivo are being pursued. Since fusions of antigenic proteins with the HSV integument protein VP22 are capable of intercellular trafficking, this approach has been exploited for(More)
A role of CD4(+) cells in the regulation of immune responses has steadily gained renewed recognition. The understanding of these T-regulatory (T-reg) cells in the generation of antitumor cytolytic T lymphocyte (CTL) response is therefore important. It has been shown that immunization with specific peptides, DNA, or tumor lysate-based vaccines can induce CTL(More)
T cells of the T helper (Th)17 subset offer promise in adoptive T-cell therapy for cancer. However, current protocols for ex vivo programming of Th17 cells, which include TGFβ exposure, increase the expression of CD39 and CD73, two cell surface ATP ectonucleotidases that reduce T-cell effector functions and promote immunosuppression. Here, we report that(More)