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Tracheobronchopathia osteochondroplastica is an idiopathic non-malignant disease of large airways featured by submucosal cartilaginous to osseous nodules overlying the cartilaginous rings, which may be focal or diffuse. Clinical presentation varies from asymptomatic to symptoms like breathlessness, recurrent chest infections, cough and hemoptysis. Due to(More)
BACKGROUND Dysphagia, regurgitation, and chest pain are common achalasia, with a variable report of pulmonary symptoms possibly due to micro-aspiration. Pneumatic dilation (PD) may improve pulmonary function. Data on pulmonary dysfunction among achalasia patients are scanty, and the effect of PD is unknown. AIM To evaluate pulmonary dysfunction in(More)
In the present time, there is a rapid increase in demand for faster and reliable transmission of multimedia data through wireless channels. When multimedia data specially an image is to be transferred through the wireless channel, image is highly degraded due to wireless channel errors such as fading, interference and bursty errors. Multi-Carrier Code(More)
Security is playing a very important and crucial role in the field of network communication system and Internet. Kerberos Authentication Protocol is designed and developed by Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT) and it provides authentication by encrypting information and allow clients to access servers in a secure manner. This paper describes the(More)
Wireless Sensor Networks carry out has great significance in many applications, such as battlefields surveillance, patient health monitoring, traffic control, home automation, environmental observation and building intrusion surveillance. However, wireless technology also creates new threats. Since WSNs communicate by using radio frequencies therefore the(More)
Distributed denial of service attacks are a major threat for wireless sensor network. The aim of these attacks is that genuine users can not use network such as bandwidth, computing power and operating system data structures. Jamming and flooding attacks are one of the most popular attacks on WSN which cause DDoS. There is a requirement for the detection of(More)
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