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BACKGROUND There is genuine need to develop interventional treatment options for management of lung tumors. Radiofrequency ablation (RFA) is one such alternative being promoted to treat lung tumors recently. Larger studies should help define RFA's further development. Furthermore fluorodeoxyglucose positron emission tomography (PET) has been reported to be(More)
mnd2 mice die prematurely as a result of neurodegeneration 30–40 days after birth due to loss of the enzymatic activity of the mitochondrial quality control protease HtrA2/Omi. Here, we show that transgenic expression of human HtrA2/Omi in the central nervous system of mnd2 mice rescues them from neurodegeneration and prevents their premature death.(More)
Previous reports support that lysophosphatidic acid (LPA) upregulates Fas ligand (FasL) cell surface presentation on the ovarian cancer cells. In this study, we aim to investigate soluble FasL (sFasL) secretion associated with the small membrane microvesicles upon LPA stimulation, and to analyze the roles of cytoskeletal reorganization in FasL transport(More)
Previous studies found that lysophosphatidic acid (LPA) upregulated Fas ligand (FasL) presentation on the ovarian cancer cell surface and lead to apoptosis of activated lymphocytes. In this report, we investigated the role of selective induction of cyclooxygenase-2 (Cox-2) in FasL cell surface presentation stimulated by LPA. Ovarian cancer cells pretreated(More)
Conflicting reports exist on the effect of actin depolymerization in anti-Fas-induced apoptosis. Lysophosphatidic acid (LPA) has been found to inhibit apoptosis in variable cell types. In this study, we evaluated LPA's protective effects on anti-Fas-induced apoptosis enhanced by actin depolymerization and possible mechanisms in epithelial ovarian cancer.(More)
Chemokines secreted by DC are instrumental for DC to regulate their own migratory capacities and to recruit T lymphocytes during local tumour immune response. Using the recently developed chemokine protein arrays, we analyzed 38 chemokines associated with monocyte-derived DC (MoDC), including the CC family (CCL2, CCL3, CCL4, CCL17, CCL18, CCL22, CCL23,(More)
OBJECTIVES Alterations in the expression of Fas have been demonstrated in various cancers as a mechanism for tumor cells to escape from immune surveillance. In this study, we observed the effect of lysophosphatidic acid (LPA) on Fas expression and function in ovarian cancer cells. METHODS Ovarian cancer cell lines were incubated with or without LPA and(More)
Constitutive activation of Notch signaling was found in melanoma cells. Using siRNA specifically knocking down Notch co-activator MAML1 blocked Notch down stream transcriptional repressor Hey1 expression, significantly upregulated TweakR and CCL2 mRNA and protein expression in melanoma cell line M624. Exogenous Tweak stimulated high level CCL2 production in(More)
Maml1 is emerging as a coactivator of many signaling pathways, including the Notch and Wnt pathways. Targeting Maml1 in melanoma cells efficiently knocks down the downstream transcriptional repressors Hey1 and Hes1, resulting in melanoma cell senescence, cellular differentiation, and increased melanin production. Significantly, higher IFNβ and chemokine(More)
As a transmembrane chemokine, CXCL16 has been detected in various tissues and organs under normal and pathological conditions, it also plays an important role in macrophages/dendritic cells (DC) and T cell interactions and trafficking during inflammation and immune responses. LysoPtdOH, a bioactive lipid mediator has been indicated to regulate DC and(More)