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The influenza virus RNA polymerase (RdRp) was purified from insect cells (around 0.2mg/l). The RdRp catalyzed all the biochemical reactions of influenza virus transcription and replication in vitro; dinucleotide ApG and globin mRNA-primed transcription, de novo initiation (replication), and polyadenylation. The optimal Mg concentration, pH and temperature(More)
Influenza virus transcription is a prototype of primer-dependent initiation. Its replication mechanism is thought to be primer-independent. The internal initiation and realignment model for influenza virus genome replication has been recently proposed (Deng, T., Vreede, F. T., and Brownlee, G. G. (2006) J. Virol. 80, 2337-2348). We obtained new results,(More)
Tight control of cell-cycle progression is critical for T-lymphocytes to function properly. Slfn1 (Schlafen1) has been reported to play an important role in the establishment and maintenance of quiescence in T-lymphocytes. However, how Slfn1 accomplishes this critical function remains poorly understood. In the present study, we show that nuclear(More)
UNLABELLED The human immunodeficiency virus type 1 (HIV-1) envelope glycoprotein (Env) trimer, which consists of the gp120 and gp41 subunits, is the focus of multiple strategies for vaccine development. Extensive Env glycosylation provides HIV-1 with protection from the immune system, yet the glycans are also essential components of binding epitopes for(More)
Influenza virus RNA polymerase (RdRp) PB2 is the cap-1 binding subunit and determines host range and pathogenicity. The mutant human influenza virus RdRp containing PB2 D701N and D701N/S714R demonstrated enhanced replicon activity in mammalian cells. We investigated the influence of these mutations on RdRp activity. Cap-1-dependent transcription activities(More)
A natural variation is observed at position 4 of the 3'-end of influenza A virus genomes, where U (U4) or C (C4) is present. The replicon activity of C4 was 28% of U4. We compared the transcription and replication activity of U4 [v84(U4)], C4 [v84(C4)] and the complimentary RNA (c84) using the purified influenza virus RNA polymerase in vitro. ApG-primed(More)
The ciprofloxacin dithiocarbamate (CPFXDTC) was radiolabeled with [(99m)Tc(CO)(3)(H(2)O)(3)](+) intermediate to form the (99m)Tc(CO)(3)-CPFXDTC complex in high yield. The (99m)Tc(CO)(3)-CPFXDTC complex was characterized by HPLC and its stability in serum was studied. Its partition coefficient indicated that it was a lipophilic complex. The bacterial binding(More)
BACKGROUND Because of high mutation rates, new drug-resistant viruses are rapidly evolving, thus making the necessary control of influenza virus infection difficult. METHODS We screened a constrained cysteine-rich peptide library mimicking μ-conotoxins from Conus geographus and a proline-rich peptide library mimicking lebocin 1 and 2 from Bombyx mori by(More)
PDZD8 can bind the capsid proteins of different retroviruses, and transient knockdown of PDZD8 results in a decrease in the efficiency of an early, post-entry event in the retrovirus life cycle. Here we used the CRISPR-CAS9 system to create cell lines in which PDZD8 expression is stably eliminated. The PDZD8-knockout cell lines were infected by human(More)
Although gene exchange is not likely to occur freely, reassortment between the H5N1 highly pathogenic avian influenza virus (HPAIV) and currently circulating human viruses is a serious concern. The PA polymerase subunit of H5N1 HPAIV was recently reported to activate the influenza replicon activity. The replicon activities of PR8 and WSN strains (H1N1) of(More)