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Extreme learning machines (ELMs) have proven to be efficient and effective learning mechanisms for pattern classification and regression. However, ELMs are primarily applied to supervised learning problems. Only a few existing research papers have used ELMs to explore unlabeled data. In this paper, we extend ELMs for both semi-supervised and unsupervised(More)
How to effectively protect against spam on search ranking results is an important issue for contemporary web search engines. This paper addresses the problem of combating one major type of web spam: 'link spam.' Most of the previous work on anti link spam managed to make use of one snapshot of web data to detect spam, and thus it did not take advantage of(More)
In this paper, we address the Bayesian classification with incomplete data. The common approach in the literature is to simply ignore the samples with missing values or impute missing values before classification. However, these methods are not effective when a large portion of the data have missing values and the acquisition of samples is expensive.(More)
Extreme learning machine (ELM) has gained increasing interest from various research fields recently. In this review, we aim to report the current state of the theoretical research and practical advances on this subject. We first give an overview of ELM from the theoretical perspective, including the interpolation theory, universal approximation capability,(More)
In this paper, a class of recurrent neural networks with discrete and continuously distributed delays is considered. Sufficient conditions for the existence, uniqueness, and global exponential stability of a periodic solution are obtained by using contraction mapping theorem and stability theory on impulsive functional differential equations. The proposed(More)
We studied the Cauchy problem of fuzzy diierential equations on the basis of introducing the concept of diierentiation which is a generalization of the deÿnition of H-diierentiability due to Puri and Ralescu (1983), for fuzzy set-valued mappings of real variables whose values are in the fuzzy number space (E n ; D). The existence and uniqueness theorem is(More)
—This paper proposes a novel constructive training algorithm for cascade neural networks. By reformulating the cascade neural network as a linear-in-the-parameters model, we use the orthogonal least squares (OLS) method to derive a novel objective function for training new hidden units. With this objective function, the sum of squared errors (SSE) of the(More)