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sgRNA:Cas9 at the YSA gene sgRNA2 site in rice. Alleles shown were amplified from genomic DNA isolated from 6 independent T0 transgenic plants separately and sequenced after cloned into vectors. The wild type sequence is shown at the top with the PAM sequence highlighted in magenta and the target sequence in cyan. Red dashes, deleted bases; red bases,(More)
Glu receptors are known to function as Glu-activated ion channels that mediate mostly excitatory neurotransmission in animals. Glu receptor-like genes have also been reported in higher plants, although their function is largely unknown. We have identified a rice (Oryza sativa) Glu receptor-like gene, designated GLR3.1, in which mutation by T-DNA insertion(More)
DNA methylation is a conserved epigenetic mark in plants and mammals. In Arabidopsis, DNA methylation can be triggered by small interfering RNAs (siRNAs) through an RNA-directed DNA methylation (RdDM) pathway. Here, we report the identification of an RdDM effector, KTF1. Loss-of-function mutations in KTF1 reduce DNA methylation and release the silencing of(More)
In cooperative communication networks, the performance of distributed space-time code will be severely degraded if the timing synchronization among relay nodes is not perfect. In this letter, we propose a systematic construction of the so called distributed linear convolutional space-time code (DLCSTC) for multipath fading channels that does not require the(More)
We address the uniqueness problem in estimating the directions-of-arrival (DOAs) of multiple narrowband and fully polarized signals impinging on a passive sensor array composed of identical vector sensors. The data recorded on such an array present the so-called “multiple invariances,” which can be linked to the CANDECOMP/PARAFAC (CP) model.(More)
In this paper, the energy efficiency (EE) is focused and analyzed in device-to-device (D2D) communication underlaying cellular networks when the resources are shared by D2D and cellular users in three modes, namely, Non-Orthogonal Sharing mode (NOS), Orthogonal Sharing mode (OS), and Cellular Mode (CM). In addition, energy efficient power allocation schemes(More)