Shiho Nakayama

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BACKGROUND The aim of this study was to assess the relationship between masked hypertension (MHT) and vascular damage in patients with type 2 diabetes. METHODS The study subjects were patients with type 2 diabetes who were normotensive based on blood pressure (BP) measurement in the clinic (n = 80) without antihypertensive drugs and free of retinopathy,(More)
BACKGROUND While poor sleep quality can worsen cardiovascular risk factors such as glucose and lipid profiles in patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM), the relationship between sleep quality and atherosclerosis remains largely unknown. The aim of this study was to examine this relationship. METHODS The study participants comprised 724 Japanese(More)
Alpha-smooth muscle actin-positive endothelial cells have not been found in adult aortic endothelium except valve leaflets. Here, using en face immunostaining method, we identified alpha-smooth muscle actin-positive endothelial cells in the luminal surface of rat, mouse and human thoracic aortas. These cells express both endothelial markers and definite(More)
AIMS/INTRODUCTION The distinct effects of different statins on glycemic control have not been fully evaluated. In this open-label, prospective, cross-over clinical trial, we compared the effects of pitavastatin and atorvastatin on glycemic control in type 2 diabetic patients with hypercholesterolemia. MATERIALS AND METHODS A total of 28 Japanese type 2(More)
Angiotensin II type-1 receptor blockers (ARBs) are regarded as first-line treatments for type-2 diabetes with hypertension. Despite the availability of various types of ARBs, there are no comparative studies of their effects on patients with diabetes. In this open-label prospective crossover study, we compared the effects of olmesartan (20 mg/day) and(More)
While a large numbers of clinical trials using various kinds of statins has been reported, a possible preventive effect on new onset of type 2 diabetes mellitus was shown only by the subanalysis of The West of Scotland Coronary Prevention Study (WOSCOPS) using pravastatin. The aim of this study was to investigate whether pravastatin has a preferable effect(More)
The inability to increase of islet mass adequately to compensate for the demand of insulin due to insulin resistance is an important pathophysiological feature of type 2 diabetes. Previous studies suggested a relationship between pancreatic beta-cell mass and islet vascularization, although no evidence has confirmed this association in response to insulin(More)
"Morningness" and "Eveningness" represent lifestyle patterns including sleep-wake patterns. Although previous studies described a relationship between the morningness-eveningness trait and glycemic control in patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM), the mechanism underlying this association remains unknown. The study participants comprised 725(More)
BACKGROUND While some dietary patterns are associated with the incidence of type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) and cardiovascular disease (CVD), the relationship between dietary pattern and risk factors for CVD in patients with T2DM remains to be clarified. The aim of this study was to identify dietary patterns and investigate the relationship between dietary(More)