Shiho Makino

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Translation arrest leads to an endonucleolytic cleavage of mRNA that is termed no-go decay (NGD). It has been reported that the Dom34:Hbs1 complex stimulates this endonucleolytic cleavage of mRNA induced by translation arrest in vivo and dissociates subunits of a stalled ribosome in vitro. Here we report that Dom34:Hbs1 dissociates the subunits of a(More)
The major coat protein of bacteriophage f1, which is localized in the host membrane during phage maturation, has a hydrophobic binding site capable of binding deoxycholate and a variety of detergents to form a soluble particle, and in that respect, resembles many membrane proteins. The soluble particle has properties that suggest it is formed by simple(More)
The CCR4-NOT complex, the major deadenylase in eukaryotes, plays crucial roles in gene expression at the levels of transcription, mRNA decay, and protein degradation. GW182/TNRC6 proteins, which are core components of the microRNA-induced silencing complex in animals, stimulate deadenylation and repress translation via recruitment of the CCR4-NOT complex.(More)
We report a case of conversion disorder after spinal anesthesia. A 16-year-old healthy woman underwent arthroscopic surgery under spinal anesthesia. She showed tremor all over and it did not stop. We sedated her with propofol during the operation. After the operation, her involuntary tremble continued. We consulted with a pediatrician who diagnosed her as(More)
The cationic detergent tetradecyltrimethylammonium ion interacts with four binding sites on the surface of AI polypeptide from human serum high density lipoprotein and 10 sites on the AI1 polypeptide with association constants of 2 X lo4 and 1 x lo4 liters per mole, respectively. The sites on AI appear to be primarily hydrophobic in that the anionic(More)
The CCR4-NOT complex is a highly conserved specific gene silencer that also serves more general post-transcriptional functions. Specific regulatory proteins including the miRNA-induced silencing complex and its associated proteins, bind to 3'-UTR elements of mRNA and recruit the CCR4-NOT complex thereby promoting poly(A) shortening and repressing(More)
The tRNA splicing endonuclease (Sen) complex is located on the mitochondrial outer membrane and splices precursor tRNAs in Saccharomyces cerevisiae. Here, we demonstrate that the Sen complex cleaves the mitochondria-localized mRNA encoding Cbp1 (cytochrome b mRNA processing 1). Endonucleolytic cleavage of this mRNA required two cis-elements: the(More)
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