Shiho Horibe

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The signaling pathway by which GnRH acts in peripheral tumors is distinct from that in the anterior pituitary. We attempted to identify the guanosine triphosphate (GTP)-binding protein (G protein) subtypes linked to GnRH receptor in the genital tract tumor membranes. Surgically removed ovarian carcinomas and uterine leiomyosarcomas were screened for GnRH(More)
BACKGROUND Gonadotropin-releasing hormone (Gn-RH) receptor (Gn-RHR) has been demonstrated in epithelial ovarian carcinoma (Imai et al., Cancer 1994; 74:2555-61). To examine whether Gn-RHR mediates direct antiproliferative effects, we attempted to determine stimulatory regulation by Gn-RH of phosphotyrosine phosphatase (PTP) activity in plasma membranes(More)
The phosphotyrosine phosphatase (PTPase) decreases the level of phosphotyrosine of intracellular protein substrates, thereby reversing the action of tyrosine phosphorylation to promote cell growth and differentiation. We determined the activities of PTPases in normal and cancerous tissues of the endometrium. The PTPase activity was determined with the(More)
Gonadotropin-releasing hormone (GnRH) receptor-bearing tumors undergo apoptosis in vivo and in vitro with GnRH analogs. We recently showed that GnRH stimulation induces intratumoral expression of the apoptosis-inducing Fas ligand in human reproductive tract tumors. To provide a potential association of Fas/Fas ligand system with the antiproliferative(More)
We previously reported that MOLT-3 human lymphocyte-like leukemia cells adhere to tissue-type transglutaminase (tTG) through the integrin alpha(4)beta(1). We now report that G-361 human melanoma cells also adhere to tTG, although they do not express alpha(4)beta(1). G-361 cells utilize two additional integrins, alpha(9)beta(1) and alpha(5)beta(1) to adhere(More)
OBJECTIVE The earlier occurrence of secondary sexual development and the advance in diagnostic techniques prompted us to review our recent experience with genital bleeding in childhood. METHOD We analyzed data for all patients aged less than 10 years who were referred to Gifu University School of Medicine-affiliated hospitals from 1984 through 1993. (More)
The herbal medicine shakuyaku-kanzo-to has been used for the treatment of dysmenorrhea. We attempted to establish the effects of shakuyaku-kanzo-to on prostaglandin (PG) levels and the turnover of arachidonic acid in endometrial cells. Human endometrial cells isolated from proliferative-phase endometria were examined. Arachidonic acid reacylation activity(More)
Fas ligand induces cell death by means of apoptosis in a variety of cell types when cross-linked with its natural receptor, Fas. GnRH receptor-bearing tumors undergo apoptosis in vivo and in vitro with GnRH agonists. To provide a potential association of the Fas system with the antiproliferative signaling process of GnRH receptor, we have evaluated the(More)
GOTO cells, a neuroblastoma cell line retaining the ability to differentiate into neuronal or Schwann cells, were found to be rich in membrane rafts containing ganglioside GM2 and hypersensitive to lipid raft-disrupting methyl-beta-cyclodextrin (MbetaCD); the GM2-rich rafts and sensitivity to MbetaCD were markedly diminished upon their differentiation into(More)
Levels of CA125, CA72-4 and CA19-9, serum markers for ovarian cancer, were measured throughout menstrual cycles in a patient with probable pelvic endometriosis. The patient had CA125 levels >1000 U ml(-1), CA72-4>10 U ml(-1) and CA19-9>150 U ml(-1) during but not after menses (P<0.01). In luteal phase and premenstrual phase, the levels of these markers(More)