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It has been demonstrated that phosphorylation of the p50 subunit of NF-kappaB is required for efficient DNA binding, yet the specific phospho-residues of p50 have not been determined. In this study, we substituted all of the serine and conserved threonine residues in the p50 Rel homology domain and identified three serine residues, Ser65, Ser337, and(More)
The NF-kappaB p50/p50 homodimer is mainly associated with transcriptional repression. Previously, we demonstrated that phosphorylation of NF-kappaB p50 Ser(337) is critical for DNA binding. Here, we report that p50 Ser(337) is constitutively phosphorylated by the protein kinase A catalytic subunit (PKAc) in three different cell types, which may account for(More)
Integrins are a family of heterodimeric alpha/beta transmembrane cell adhesion receptors that play important roles in the regulation of cell migration, proliferation, and survival. Integrins do not possess intrinsic catalytic activity, and signaling events are mediated by their lateral association with other cell surface receptors or clustering of their(More)
The surface levels of major histocompatibility complex class I antigens are diminished on tumorigenic adenovirus type 12 (Ad12)-transformed cells, enabling them to escape from immunosurveillant cytotoxic T lymphocytes (CTLs). This is due to the down-regulation of the class I transcriptional enhancer, in which there is strong binding of the repressor(More)
Focal adhesion kinase (FAK) is a cytoplasmic protein-tyrosine kinase that promotes cell migration, survival, and gene expression. Here we show that FAK signaling is important for tumor necrosis factor-alpha (TNFalpha)-induced interleukin 6 (IL-6) mRNA and protein expression in breast (4T1), lung (A549), prostate (PC-3), and neural (NB-8) tumor cells by FAK(More)
In adenovirus type 12 transformed cells, the down-regulation of MHC class I transcription contributes to the tumorigenic phenotype and is solely mediated by Ad12 E1A. Previous in vitro studies with class I enhancer sequences have indicated that there is an increased binding of repressor COUP-TFII and its associated HDAC and a decreased binding of activator(More)
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