Shih-Yin Ho

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Although the long-term effects of all-trans retinoic acid (RA) on neuronal growth and differentiation have been intensively studied, nothing is known about its effect on synaptic transmission. Here we show that RA rapidly and specifically enhances the spontaneous acetylcholine release at developing neuromuscular synapses in Xenopus cell culture using(More)
We have previously shown that retinoic acid (RA), a factor highly expressed in spinal cord, rapidly and specifically enhances the spontaneous acetylcholine release at developing neuromuscular synapses in Xenopus cell culture, using whole-cell patch-clamp recording. We have now further investigated the underlying mechanisms that are involved in RA-induced(More)
BACKGROUND Much progress has been made in our understanding of brain regions and specific receptors that are involved in the action of cocaine addiction. Although long-term modifications of mesolimbic reward circuit following cocaine exposure are responsible for cocaine-addicted behaviors, the underlying molecular mechanism at the cellular level is still(More)
Although evidence suggests that insulin-like growth factor (IGF) plays an important role in the development and growth of the nervous system, the effect of IGF-1 in the regulation of neurotransmitter release in the peripheral nervous system remains unknown. Here we show that acute application of IGF-1, a factor widely expressed in developing myocytes,(More)
The mechanism of the action of beta-bungarotoxin (beta-BuTx) in the facilitation of spontaneous transmitter release at neuromuscular synapse was investigated in Xenopus cell culture using whole-cell patch clamp recording. Exposure of the culture to beta-BuTx dose-dependently enhances the frequency of spontaneous synaptic currents (SSCs). Buffering the rise(More)
BACKGROUND As elegant structures designed for neural communication, synapses are the building bricks of our mental functions. Recently, many studies have pointed out that synaptic protein-associated mutations may lead to dysfunctions of social cognition. Dlgap2, which encodes one of the main components of scaffold proteins in postsynaptic density (PSD), has(More)
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