Shih-Ya Hung

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Heme oxygenase-1 (HO-1) is up-regulated in response to oxidative stress and catalyzes the degradation of pro-oxidant heme to carbon monoxide (CO), iron, and bilirubin. Intense HO-1 immunostaining in the Parkinsonian brain is demonstrated, indicating that HO-1 may be involved in the pathogenesis of Parkinsonism. We here locally injected adenovirus containing(More)
Autophagy is a degradation pathway for the turnover of dysfunctional organelles or aggregated proteins in cells. Extracellular accumulation of beta-amyloid peptide has been reported to be a major cause of Alzheimer disease (AD) and large numbers of autophagic vacuoles accumulate in the brain of AD patient. However, how autophagic process is involved in(More)
Heme oxygenase-1 (HO-1) is up-regulated in response to oxidative stress and catalyzes the degradation of pro-oxidant heme to carbon monoxide (CO), iron and bilirubin. Bilirubin is a potent antioxidant and neuroprotectant. Neurotrophic factors of BDNF and GDNF also play important roles in survival and morphological differentiation of dopaminergic neurons. We(More)
The expression of the suppressor of cytokine signalling-1 (SOCS1) protein is induced in response to stimulation by several cytokines. The induced SOCS1 inhibits the signalling pathway through the association with a variety of tyrosine kinase proteins. In this study, the mutation analyses, CpG island methylation status, and the expression of the SOCS1 gene(More)
Parkinson's disease (PD) is one of the most common neurodegenerative diseases. Mutation in the phosphatase and tensin homolog (PTEN)-induced putative kinase 1 (PINK1) gene causes an autosomal recessive form of PD. However, the etiology related to PINK1 is still not clear. Here, we examined the effect of PINK1 on heme oxygenase (HO)-1 induction in SH-SY5Y(More)
Since 2008, oral squamous cell carcinoma (OSCC) has climbed to the fourth place in cancer mortality in the male population of Taiwan. Epigenetic regulations including DNA methylation and histone modification control gene expression and play important roles during cancer progression. Since the relationship between histone modification and prognosis of OSCC(More)
Pseudogenes, especially those that are transcribed, may not be mere genomic fossils, but their biological significance remains unclear. Postulating that in the human genome, as in animal models, pseudogenes may function as gene regulators through generation of endo-siRNAs (esiRNAs), antisense RNAs or RNA decoys, we performed bioinformatic and subsequent(More)
Chondrosarcomas are a type of primary malignant bone cancer, with a potent capacity for local invasion and distant metastasis. Brain-derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF) is commonly upregulated during neurogenesis. The aim of the present study was to examine the mechanism involved in BDNF-mediated vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) expression and(More)
Alzheimer’s disease (AD) is a major form of senile dementia, characterized by progressive memory and neuronal loss combined with cognitive impairment. AD is the most common neurodegenerative disease worldwide, affecting one-fifth of those aged over 85 years. Recent therapeutic approaches have been strongly influenced by five neuropathological hallmarks of(More)
Heme-oxygenase-1 (HO-1), an important enzyme involved in vascular disease, transplantation, and inflammation, catalyzes the degradation of heme into carbon monoxide and biliverdin. It has been reported that overexpression of HO-1 inhibits osteoclastogenesis. However, the effect of HO-1 on osteoblast differentiation is still not clear. We here used(More)