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BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES Phyllodes tumors (PTs) are uncommon biphasic breast tumors that usually occur in adult females. They are composed of a benign epithelial component and a cellular, spindle cell stroma forming a leaf-like structure. No one morphologic finding is reliable in predicting the clinical behavior of the tumor. The purpose of this study was(More)
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES Inflammation has been implicated in the initiation and progression of thyroid cancer. Neutrophil-to-lymphocyte ratio (NLR) is a simple index of systemic inflammatory response, and has been shown to be a prognostic indicator in some types of cancer. The aim of this study was to examine the relationship between NLR and(More)
BACKGROUND Preoperative detection of vocal cord palsy is important in thyroid and parathyroid surgery. However, routine fiberoptic laryngoscopy may bring patients unnecessary discomfort. The aim of this study was to determine the feasibility of using surgeon-performed ultrasonography (US) as a screening tool for preoperative assessment of vocal cord(More)
BACKGROUND Somatic BRAF mutation is frequently observed in papillary thyroid carcinoma (PTC). Recent evidence suggests that PTCs are heterogeneous tumors containing a subclonal or oligoclonal occurrence of BRAF mutation. Conflicting results have been reported concerning the prognostic significance of the mutant allele frequency. Our present aim was to(More)
BACKGROUND Epidemiologic studies have shown that obesity is associated with an increased risk of thyroid cancer. Leptin, an adipocyte-derived cytokine, can act as a growth factor on certain normal and transformed cells. Aberrant expression of leptin or leptin receptor has been detected in some types of cancer. The aim of this study is to determine(More)
Excess body weight is associated with a moderately increased risk of thyroid cancer. Adipocyte-derived hormone, leptin, has been shown to enhance cell growth and migration in many cancer types. Limited evidence suggests that leptin has direct actions on the thyroid gland, but there are no data available on the effect of leptin on thyroid cancer cells. We(More)
We investigated the time it took to develop fatty liver and changes in serum aspartate aminotransferase and alanine aminotransferase levels in patients with breast cancer treated with adjuvant tamoxifen. Liver sonography to detect fatty liver and measurement of serum aspartate and alanine aminotransferase levels were performed regularly for patients with(More)
The incidence of thyroid cancer has remarkably increased in recent years. Epidemiologic data suggest that obesity is associated with an increased incidence of several types of malignancies, including thyroid cancer. Leptin, an adipocyte-derived cytokine, has been shown to be involved in cancer development and progression. We previously demonstrated that(More)
Local anesthetics are frequently used in fine-needle aspiration of thyroid lesions and locoregional control of persistent or recurrent thyroid cancer. Recent evidence suggests that local anesthetics have a broad spectrum of effects including inhibition of cell proliferation and induction of apoptosis in neuronal and other types of cells. In this study, we(More)
AIMS We investigated the relationship between serum leptin concentrations and polymorphism of the leptin receptor gene and breast cancer. METHODS Serum leptin concentrations were measured by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay in 47 women with invasive breast cancer compared with 41 age-matched controls without cancer. Genomic DNA was extracted from(More)