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Vacuolar H(+)-translocating inorganic pyrophosphatase [vacuolar H(+)-pyrophosphatase (V-PPase); EC 3.6.1.1] is a homodimeric proton translocase; it plays a pivotal role in electrogenic translocation of protons from the cytosol to the vacuolar lumen, at the expense of PP(i) hydrolysis, for the storage of ions, sugars, and other metabolites. Dimerization of(More)
We report on a compact and portable prototype of chemiluminescence detector based on a single planar single polar transparent electrowetting-on-dielectrics (EWOD) device. The coupling ground model was proposed to build the EWOD device, which could be driven under a single polar voltage. Such a design not only simplified the chip construction and control(More)
Two important electric forces, dielectrophoresis (DEP) and electrowetting-on-dielectric (EWOD), are demonstrated by dielectric-coated electrodes on a single chip to manipulate objects on different scales, which results in a dielectrophoretic concentrator in an EWOD-actuated droplet. By applying appropriate electric signals with different frequencies on(More)
A general digital (droplet-based) microfluidic platform based on the study of dielectric droplet manipulation by dielectrophoresis (DEP) and the integration of DEP and electrowetting-on-dielectric (EWOD) is reported. Transporting, splitting, and merging dielectric droplets are achieved by DEP in a parallel-plate device, which expands the fluids of digital(More)
A water-core and oil-shell encapsulated droplet exhibits several advantages including enhanced fluidic manipulation, reduced biofouling, decreased evaporation, and simplified device packaging. However, obtaining the encapsulated droplet with an adjustable water-to-oil volume ratio and a further removable oil shell is not possible by reported techniques(More)
Here droplet oscillation and continuous pumping are demonstrated by asymmetric electrowetting on an open surface with embedded electrodes powered by a square wave electrical signal without control circuits. The polarity effect of electrowetting on an SU-8 and Teflon coated electrode is investigated, and it is found that the theta-V (contact angle-applied(More)
We present a long (204 mm), curved (curvature of 0.04 mm(-1)), and closed droplet pathway in "droplet-on-a-wristband" (DOW) with the designed digital microfluidic modular interfaces for electric signal and droplet connections based on the study of electrowetting-on-dielectric (EWOD) in inclined and curved devices. Instead of using sealed and leakage-proof(More)
'This paper reports the first successful incorporation of aerogel thin films for MEMS fabrication. We developed the photolithography procedures and various surface micromachining methods for highly porous thin films. The development is verified with micro bridges, cantilevers, and membranes made of aerogel thin lilms, completing the entire procedures for(More)
A novel aggregation-based biosensing method to achieve detection of oligonucleotides in a pinched-flow fractionation (PFF) microseparator was developed. Employing functionalized polystyrene microspheres, this method is capable of the direct detection of the concentration of a specific DNA sequence. The label-free target DNA hybridizes with probe DNA of two(More)