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A novel dengue vaccine candidate comprised of a consensus dengue virus envelope protein domain III (cED III) was developed to fight against dengue virus infection. The amino acid sequence of this novel cED III was obtained by alignment of amino acid sequences from different isolates of the four serotypes of dengue viruses. A proof-of-concept study(More)
Cross-talk between TGF-␤ and IL-6 has been shown to direct the differentiation of CD4 ؉ cells into special IL-17-secreting cells, which are termed Th17 cells. In this study, we demonstrated that TGF-␤ and IL-6 could stimulate CD8 ؉ cells to differentiate into noncyto-toxic, IL-17-producing cells in MLC. These IL-17-producing CD8 ؉ cells exhibit a unique(More)
Enterovirus 71 (EV71) infections in children manifest as exanthema and are most commonly known as hand-foot-and-mouth disease (HFMD). Because it can cause severe neurological complications like poliomyelitis, EV71 has now emerged as an important neurotropic virus in Asia. EV71 virus has been shown to consist of 3 (A, B and C) genotypes and many(More)
A phase 1 study was conducted to assess the safety and immunologic response induced by direct injection of autologous immature dendritic cells (DCs) into tumor under radiotherapy in advanced hepatoma patients. Patients with advanced/metastatic stage hepatoma not suitable for surgery or transarterial embolization were enrolled. Groups of patients received(More)
We have developed a novel platform technology that can express high levels of recombinant lipoproteins with intrinsic adjuvant properties. In this study, Ag473 (a lipoprotein from Neisseria meningitidis) can be produced in high yields using Escherichia coli strain C43 (DE3). After testing a non-lipoimmunogen (E3, from dengue virus) fused with different(More)
The lipid moiety of a novel recombinant lipoprotein, which contains a dengue virus envelope protein domain 3, rlipo-D1E3, has been shown to activate antigen-presenting cells (APCs) as an intrinsic adjuvant. Because the lipid moiety of rlipo-D1E3 contains an unsaturated fatty acid, it is unclear if the receptor usage by bacterially derived lipoproteins is(More)
The E7 oncoprotein of human papillomavirus (HPV) is an ideal target for developing immunotherapeutic strategies against HPV-associated tumors. However, because protein-based immunogens alone are poor elicitors of the cytotoxic T-lymphocyte (CTL) responses, they have been difficult to exploit for therapeutic purposes. In this study, we report that a(More)
Targeted cancer-specific gene therapy is a promising strategy for treating metastatic lung cancer, which is a leading cause of lung cancer-related deaths. Previously, we developed a cancer-targeted gene therapy expression system with high tumor specificity and strong activity that selectively induced lung cancer cell killing without affecting normal cells(More)
Although cytotoxic T lymphocytes (CTLs) play a major role in eradicating cancer cells during immunotherapy, the cancer-associated immunosuppressive microenvironment often limits the success of such therapies. Therefore, the simultaneous induction of cancer-specific CTLs and reversal of the immunosuppressive tumor microenvironment may be more effectively(More)
The major weaknesses of subunit vaccines are their low immunogenicity and poor efficacy. Adjuvants can help to overcome some of these inherent defects with subunit vaccines. Here, we evaluated the efficacy of the newly developed water-in-oil-in-water multiphase emulsion system, termed PELC, in potentiating the protective capacity of dengue-1 envelope(More)