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Studies conducted in Western countries have reported excess risks for second primary malignancies after breast cancer. However, there is little documentation of ethnic differences in these excess risks. Asian women are characterized by younger age at diagnosis of breast cancer, but very few reports are available on the incidences and risks for second(More)
This paper describes a light-addressable electrolytic system used to perform an electrodeposition of calcium alginate hydrogels using a digital micromirror device (DMD). In this system, a patterned light illumination is projected onto a photoconductive substrate serving as a photo-anode to electrolytically produce protons, which can lead to a decreased pH(More)
Previous studies have shown that compression alone reduced the thickness of rat cerebral cortex and apical dendritic lengths of pyramidal neurons without apparent cell death. Besides, decompression restored dendritic lengths at different degrees depending on duration of compression. To understand the mechanisms regulating dendritic shortening and(More)
Rutaecarpine (RUT), the major bioactive ingredient isolated from the Chinese herb Evodia rutaecarpa, possesses a wide spectrum of biological activities, including anti-inflammation and preventing cardiovascular diseases. However, its high cytotoxicity hampers pharmaceutical development. We designed and synthesized a derivative of RUT,(More)
Fengycin is a cyclic lipopeptidic antibiotic produced nonribosomally by Bacillus subtilis. A fengycin synthetase mutant of B. subtilis F29-3 was generated with Tn917lux, which contains a transposon inserted in a 7716-bp gene, fenD. The mutation can be genetically complemented by transforming a plasmid carrying a wild-type fenD, confirming the participation(More)
INTRODUCTION The push-out test has been widely performed to measure the bond strength of intracanal materials in dentistry. However, it is difficult to compare equitably the bond strengths from different testing specimens. The aim of this study was to investigate how a specimen's geometric parameters and the elastic moduli of dentin and intracanal filling(More)
The protective effects of alcohol extract from the root of Angelica sinensis (AS) on beta-amyloid peptide (Abeta)-induced toxicity and the mechanism of these effects were investigated. Abeta is a pathological hallmark of Alzheimer's disease; it decreased viability of Neuro 2A cells in a concentration-dependent manner with IC(50) of 14.9 microM. AS extract(More)
OBJECTIVE To assess the hematopoietic effects of Angelica sinensis and to investigate the possible mechanism related to its hematopoietic activity. MATERIALS AND METHODS The crude extract of Angelica sinensis (AS) was separated into two fractions, polysaccharides (ASPS) and small molecular weight compounds. The AS, ASPS, and small molecular weight(More)
Caffeic acid is a xanthine oxidase (XO) inhibitor that binds to the molybdopterin region of its active site. Caffeic acid phenethyl ester (CAPE) has higher hydrophobicity and exhibits stronger inhibition potency toward XO. Chlorogenic acid is a quinyl ester of caffeic acid that has increased hydrophilicity and also shows stronger XO inhibitory activity(More)