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Eradication of residual malignancies and metastatic tumors via a systemic approach is the key for successfully treating cancer and increasing cancer patient survival. Systemic administration of IL-12 protein in an acute large dose is effective but toxic. Systemic administration of IL-12 gene by persistently expressing a low level of IL-12 protein may reduce(More)
The membrane association of the tumour suppressor phosphatase and tensin homologue (PTEN) is required to oppose the phosphatidylinositol-3-kinase/AKT pathway by dephosphorylation of phosphatidylinositol-3,4,5-triphosphate (PIP3). How cytosolic PTEN interacts with its main substrate, PIP3, localized at the inner face of plasma membrane remains unclear. Here(More)
Natural killer (NK) cells are an important component of the innate immune system that recognizes and kills virally infected and malignant cells. MicroRNAs (miRNAs) are short non-coding RNAs that have emerged as critical regulators of gene expression in immune cells. However, very little is known about miRNAs involved in human NK cell activation. In this(More)
DNA hypermethylation resulting in aberrant epigenetic silencing plays an important role in the oncogenesis of many cancer types, including acute myelogenous leukemia (AML).(4) The modulation of NK cell receptors and their cognate ligands is a known mechanism of immune escape in AML, and some membrane proteins, such as killer immunoglobulin-like receptors(More)
OBJECTIVE Interstitial cystitis/bladder pain syndrome (IC/BPS) is characterized by overexpression of monocyte chemoattractant protein-1 (MCP-1) in bladder tissues and induction of mast cell (MC) degranulation. This study was undertaken to explore the mechanism of action of MCP-1 in the development of IC/BPS. METHODS A rat model of IC/BPS was developed by(More)
To investigate cloning, expression, and mutation analysis of the putative candidate tumor suppressor gene related with nasopharyngeal carcinoma (NPC). We studied the expression profiles in the NPC cell line HNE1 with the normal nasopharyngeal epithelial cell as control by using cDNA array representing 11,000 cDNA clusters. EST W95442 was found(More)
Increased infiltration of CD8+T cells into tumors has a positive impact on survival. Our previous study showed that doxorubicin (Dox) plus interleukin-12 (IL-12) boosted the accumulation of CD8+T cells in tumors and had a greater antitumor effect than did either agent alone. The purpose of this study was to determine the impact of NKG2D expression on CD8+T(More)
Signal transducer and activator of transcription 3 (STAT3) is considered a negative regulator of inflammation, as inhibition of STAT3 signaling enhances antitumor immunity. However, STAT3 activation is a key oncogenic pathway in natural killer (NK)-lineage large granular lymphomas, and we recently reported enhanced proliferation and function of human NK(More)
Lung cancer is the leading cause of cancer-related death worldwide. Non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) accounts for 80% of lung cancer cases and the reported overall 5-year survival rate is less than 5%. Natural medicines have attracted much attention due to their lower toxicity and fewer side effects. Trichosanthes kirilowii Maxim (TKM) fruits are commonly(More)
NKG2D is a major activating receptor of NK cells and plays a critical role in tumor immunosurveillance. NKG2D expression in NK cells is inhibited by the histone deacetylase (HDAC) inhibitor valproic acid (VPA) and enhanced by the narrow-spectrum HDAC inhibitor entinostat. We previously demonstrated that entinostat enhanced NKG2D transcription by increasing(More)