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In this paper, we first establish a basic theorem on the zeros of general tran-scendental functions. Based on the basic theorem, we develop a decomposition technique to investigate the stability of some exponential polynomials, that is, to find conditions under which all zeros of the exponential polynomials have negative real parts. The technique combines(More)
A simple neural network model with two delays is considered. Linear stability of the model is investigated by analyzing the associated characteristic transcendental equation. For the case without self-connection, it is found that the Hopf bifurcation occurs when the sum of the two delays varies and passes a sequence of critical values. The stability and(More)
With the recent resurgence of vector-borne diseases due to urbanization and development there is an urgent need to understand the dynamics of vector-borne diseases in rapidly changing urban environments. For example, many empirical studies have produced the disturbing finding that diseases continue to persist in modern city centers with zero or low rates of(More)
Recently, ratio-dependent predator-prey systems have been regarded by some researchers to be more appropriate for predator-prey interactions where predation involves serious searching processes. However, such models have set up a challenging issue regarding their dynamics near the origin since these models are not well-defined there. In this paper, the(More)
This paper is devoted to the analysis of a mathematical model of blood cells production in the bone marrow (hematopoiesis). The model is a system of two age-structured partial differential equations. Integrating these equations over the age, we obtain a system of two nonlinear differential equations with distributed time delay corresponding to the cell(More)
This paper deals with the existence of travelling wave fronts in reaction–diffusion systems with spatio-temporal delays. Our approach is to use monotone iterations and a nonstandard ordering for the set of profiles of the corresponding wave system. New iterative techniques are established for a class of integral operators when the reaction term satisfies(More)
A predator-prey system with nonmonotonic functional response is considered. Global qualitative and bifurcation analyses are combined to determine the global dynamics of the model. The bifurcation analysis of the model depending on all parameters indicates that it exhibits numerous kinds of bifurcation phenomena, including the saddle-node bifurcation, the(More)
In this paper, the behavior of a continuous flow in the vicinity of a closed positively .invariant subset in a metric space is investigated. The main theorem in this part in some sense generalizes previous results concerning classification of the flow near a compact invariant set in a locally compact metric space which was described by Ura-Kimura (1960) and(More)
Severe acute respiratory syndrome (SARS), a new, highly contagious, viral disease, emerged in China late in 2002 and quickly spread to 32 countries and regions causing in excess of 774 deaths and 8098 infections worldwide. In the absence of a rapid diagnostic test, therapy or vaccine, isolation of individuals diagnosed with SARS and quarantine of(More)