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In this paper, we first establish a basic theorem on the zeros of general tran-scendental functions. Based on the basic theorem, we develop a decomposition technique to investigate the stability of some exponential polynomials, that is, to find conditions under which all zeros of the exponential polynomials have negative real parts. The technique combines(More)
  • S Ruan, J Wei
  • 2001
In this paper, we first study the distribution of the zeros of a third degree exponential polynomial. Then we apply the obtained results to a delay model for the control of testosterone secretion. It is shown that under certain assumptions on the coefficients the steady state of the delay model is asymptotically stable for all delay values. Under another(More)
Recently, ratio-dependent predator-prey systems have been regarded by some researchers to be more appropriate for predator-prey interactions where predation involves serious searching processes. However, such models have set up a challenging issue regarding their dynamics near the origin since these models are not well-defined there. In this paper, the(More)
With the recent resurgence of vector-borne diseases due to urbanization and development there is an urgent need to understand the dynamics of vector-borne diseases in rapidly changing urban environments. For example, many empirical studies have produced the disturbing finding that diseases continue to persist in modern city centers with zero or low rates of(More)
Severe acute respiratory syndrome (SARS), a new, highly contagious, viral disease, emerged in China late in 2002 and quickly spread to 32 countries and regions causing in excess of 774 deaths and 8098 infections worldwide. In the absence of a rapid diagnostic test, therapy or vaccine, isolation of individuals diagnosed with SARS and quarantine of(More)
This paper is devoted to the analysis of a mathematical model of blood cells production in the bone marrow (hematopoiesis). The model is a system of two age-structured partial differential equations. Integrating these equations over the age, we obtain a system of two nonlinear differential equations with distributed time delay corresponding to the cell(More)
Hepatitis B is a potentially life-threatening liver infection caused by the hepatitis B virus (HBV) and is a major global health problem. HBV is the most common serious viral infection and a leading cause of death in mainland China. Around 130 million people in China are carriers of HBV, almost a third of the people infected with HBV worldwide and about 10%(More)
A.S. Perelson, D.E. Kirschner and R. De Boer (Math. Biosci. 114 (1993) 81) proposed an ODE model of cell-free viral spread of human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) in a well-mixed compartment such as the bloodstream. Their model consists of four components: uninfected healthy CD4(+) T-cells, latently infected CD4(+) T-cells, actively infected CD4(+) T-cells,(More)