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BACKGROUND Autologous bone marrow cells (BMCs) transplanted into ventricular scar tissue may differentiate into cardiomyocytes and restore myocardial function. This study evaluated cardiomyogenic differentiation of BMCs, their survival in myocardial scar tissue, and the effect of the implanted cells on heart function. METHODS AND RESULTS IN VITRO(More)
OBJECTIVE We have previously reported that fetal cardiomyocyte transplantation into myocardial scar improves heart function. The mechanism by which this occurs, however, has not been elucidated. To investigate possible mechanisms by which cell transplantation may improve heart function, we compared cardiac function after transplantation of 3 different fetal(More)
OBJECTIVES Radial arteries are increasingly used as conduits for coronary artery bypass grafts. However, vasospasm continues to be a major concern in radial artery grafts. Rho kinase plays a critical role in vascular contraction through phosphorylation of the regulatory subunit myosin phosphatase targeting subunit 1 (MYPT1) of the myosin light chain(More)
BACKGROUND Fetal ventricular cardiomyocyte transplantation into a cardiac scar improved ventricular function, but these cells were eventually eliminated by rejection. We therefore examined the feasibility of autologous adult heart cell transplantation. METHODS A transmural scar was produced in the left ventricular free wall of adult rats by cryoinjury.(More)
PURPOSE The present study was performed to develop a new perfusion system for off-pump coronary artery bypass grafting and to examine whether even a simple coronary perfusion system can maintain adequate blood flow delivery during anastomosis. DESCRIPTION The experiment was performed in two stages. In procedure 1, 3 pigs with left anterior descending(More)
OBJECTIVES To avoid myocardial ischemia in off-pump coronary artery bypass, we developed a coronary active perfusion system (CAPS). The purposes of this study were to investigate the changes in myocardial blood flow and tissue oxygenation during CAPS perfusion, and to validate the ventricular arrhythmias and hemodynamic deterioration preventing the effect.(More)
PURPOSE We developed a synchronized, arterial-flow, ensuring system to perform coronary anastomoses safely without any ischemia-related event. DESCRIPTION Arterial blood is removed from the femoral artery. The resulting blood passes a switching valve and is pumped out to a syringe pump. This pump controller provides pulsatile arterial blood flow(More)
To avoid myocardial ischemia during off-pump coronary artery bypass, we developed a coronary active perfusion system (CAPS) that perfuses arterial blood to the coronary artery at the diastolic phase of the cardiac cycle by a syringe pump system. We report herein the details and compare CAPS with a passive shunt circuit from the femoral artery (FA shunt),(More)
OBJECTIVE Fetal cardiomyocyte transplantation improved heart function after cardiac injury. However, cellular allografts were rejected despite cyclosporine (INN: ciclosporin) therapy. We therefore evaluated autologous heart cell transplantation in an adult swine model of a myocardial infarction. METHODS In 16 adult swine a myocardial infarction was(More)
BACKGROUND Total arterial revascularization in coronary artery bypass grafting has recently become of great interest to many surgeons. At the same time, off-pump coronary bypass grafting has also become a popular procedure because of its low morbidity and mortality. Here we report our recent series of off-pump coronary bypass grafting performed with a(More)