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CONTEXT Temozolomide (TMZ) is an alkylating agent and was a first-line chemotherapeutic agent for malignant gliomas. Recently, TMZ has been documented to be effective against atypical pituitary adenomas (APAs) and pituitary carcinomas (PCs). OBJECTIVE The clinical and pathological characteristics of APAs and PCs treated with TMZ in Japan were surveyed and(More)
OBJECTIVE The development of computed tomography (CT) and magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) has resulted in the discovery of unsuspected endocrinologically silent pituitary masses (pituitary incidentalomas). The aim of this study was to perform a national survey on pituitary incidentalomas in order to establish an appropriate approach to them. DESIGN AND(More)
A previous study reported a high prevalence of autoantibodies to alpha-enolase in lymphocytic hypophysitis and these antibodies efficiently distinguished lymphocytic hypophysitis from pituitary tumors. To confirm this, we examined autoantibodies to alpha-enolase in patients with lymphocytic hypophysitis (n = 17), pituitary non-functioning adenoma (n = 13),(More)
There have been several reports of temozolomide (TMZ) treatment of pituitary carcinomas and atypical adenomas. O(6)-methyl-guanine-DNA methyltransferase is not the sole molecule determining the sensitivity to TMZ in pituitary carcinomas and atypical adenomas. The Japan Society of Hypothalamic and Pituitary Tumors study suggests that MSH6, one of mismatch(More)
Thyrotropin (TSH)-secreting adenomas are rare and, as most adenomas are large, invasive and difficult to cure by surgery only, many require additional medical treatment. Many TSH-secreting adenomas cosecrete growth hormone (GH) and/or prolactin (PRL). We evaluated the relationship between pathology and the effect of dopamine agonist bromocriptine and(More)
A 53-year-old Japanese woman was diagnosed with Cushing's disease caused by a adrenocorticotropic hormone (ACTH)-secreting pituitary adenoma on the basis of clinical an imaging data. The surgically resected tumor tissue was investigated histopathologically using immunohistochemical analysis of pituitary hormones. Our study revealed that the adenoma(More)
Numerous surgical approaches have been used to treat petrous apex cholesterol granulomas. They are usually treated via the transtemporal- or middle fossa approach; some are managed endoscopically. We present a patient treated by the endoscopic transsphenoidal approach and review the literature.
The pituitary homeobox1 gene (Ptx1) was initially identified as encoding a pituitary-restricted transcription factor for the proopiomelanocortin (POMC) gene. In order to elucidate the expression pattern of the Ptx1 protein, we investigated the localization of the protein in adult rat pituitary gland and in various pituitary cell lines. We produced an(More)
CONTEXT IgG4-related hypophysitis is a novel clinical disease entity, which is typically complicated by hypopituitarism. OBJECTIVE The objective of the study was to describe a novel case of IgG4-related hypophysitis without pituitary insufficiency and summarize the current relevant literature. PATIENT AND METHODS A 55-year-old Japanese man presented(More)
The anterior pituitary is composed of several cell types, each responsible for the production of specific hormones. Each hormone secreting cells is defined by the activation of its respective hormone genes in a temporally and spatially regulated manner. Recent development in cytochemistry and molecular biology have provided various aspects of human(More)