The authors attempt to establish the relative biological effectiveness (RBE) calculation for designing therapeutic proton beams on the basis of microdosimetry. The tissue-equivalent proportional counter (TEPC) was used to measure microdosimetric lineal energy spectra for proton beams at various depths in a water phantom. An RBE-weighted absorbed dose is… (More)
We investigated the relative biological effectiveness (RBE) of therapeutic proton beams at six proton facilities in Japan with respect to cell lethality of HSG cells. The RBE of treatments could be determined from experimental data. For this purpose, we used a cell survival assay to compare the cell-killing efficiency of proton beams. Among the five linear… (More)
The purpose of this study is to determine the recommended dose (RD) of proton beam therapy (PBT) for inoperable stage III non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC). We tested two prescribed doses of PBT: 66 Gy (relative biological effectiveness [RBE]) in 33 fractions and 74 Gy (RBE) in 37 fractions in arms 1 and 2, respectively. The planning target volume (PTV)… (More)
BACKGROUND Re-irradiation (re-RT) of the thorax is challenging due to the impact of prior therapies on normal tissues, and there are few reports of definitive re-RT. The treatment toxicities and efficacy of re-RT are not well known. The aim of the present study was to assess the safety and efficacy of definitive re-RT of the thorax. METHODS Patients who… (More)
This study aimed to evaluate the efficacy and safety of reirradiation with intensity-modulated radiation therapy (IMRT) for spinal metastases. We retrospectively analyzed 23 patients with spinal metastases who underwent IMRT reirradiation between December 2006 and July 2013. We evaluated the spinal radiation doses during the first and second radiation… (More)
Recent progress in the treatment for pediatric malignancies using a combination of surgery, chemotherapy, and radiotherapy has improved survival. However, late toxicities of radiotherapy are a concern in long-term survivors. A recent study suggested reduced secondary cancer and other late toxicities after proton beam therapy (PBT) due to dosimetric… (More)
BACKGROUND The significance of definitive radiotherapy for sinonasal mucosal melanoma (SMM) is sill controvertial. This study was to evaluate the role of high-dose proton beam therapy (PBT) in patients with SMM. METHODS The cases of 20 patients with SMM localized to the primary site who were treated by PBT between 2006 and 2012 were retrospectively… (More)
The publisher regrets that an omission was made in the original publication of this article in volume 54 issue 3 of the journal. The article was published without manuscript history dates, which should be been included as above.