Shigeyuki Murayama

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We explored the general feasibility of proton beam therapy for chordoma and chondrosarcoma of the skull base. Clinical records and treatment-planning data of patients with the pathological diagnosis of chordoma or chondrosarcoma were examined. Proton beam therapy was administered for gross tumor mass as well as microscopic residual disease after surgery.(More)
Intensity-modulated proton therapy (IMPT) is expected to improve treatment results with fewer side effects than other proton therapies. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the tumor sites for which IMPT was effective under the same beam calculation conditions by planning IMPT for typical cases treated with passive scattering proton therapy (PSPT). We(More)
BACKGROUND The significance of definitive radiotherapy for sinonasal mucosal melanoma (SMM) is sill controvertial. This study was to evaluate the role of high-dose proton beam therapy (PBT) in patients with SMM. METHODS The cases of 20 patients with SMM localized to the primary site who were treated by PBT between 2006 and 2012 were retrospectively(More)
We investigated the relative biological effectiveness (RBE) of therapeutic proton beams at six proton facilities in Japan with respect to cell lethality of HSG cells. The RBE of treatments could be determined from experimental data. For this purpose, we used a cell survival assay to compare the cell-killing efficiency of proton beams. Among the five linear(More)
The authors attempt to establish the relative biological effectiveness (RBE) calculation for designing therapeutic proton beams on the basis of microdosimetry. The tissue-equivalent proportional counter (TEPC) was used to measure microdosimetric lineal energy spectra for proton beams at various depths in a water phantom. An RBE-weighted absorbed dose is(More)
Recent progress in the treatment for pediatric malignancies using a combination of surgery, chemotherapy, and radiotherapy has improved survival. However, late toxicities of radiotherapy are a concern in long-term survivors. A recent study suggested reduced secondary cancer and other late toxicities after proton beam therapy (PBT) due to dosimetric(More)
BACKGROUND To compare proton beam therapy (PBT) and intensity-modulated radiation therapy (IMRT) with conformal radiation therapy (CRT) in terms of their organ doses and ability to cause secondary cancer in normal organs. METHODS Five patients (median age, 4 years; range, 2-11 years) who underwent PBT for retroperitoneal neuroblastoma were selected for(More)
Proton beam therapy (PBT) is a potential new alternative to treatment with photon radiotherapy that may reduce the risk of late toxicity and secondary cancer, especially for pediatric tumors. The goal of this study was to evaluate the long-term benefits of PBT in cancer survivors. A retrospective observational study of pediatric patients who received PBT(More)
BACKGROUND Re-irradiation (re-RT) of the thorax is challenging due to the impact of prior therapies on normal tissues, and there are few reports of definitive re-RT. The treatment toxicities and efficacy of re-RT are not well known. The aim of the present study was to assess the safety and efficacy of definitive re-RT of the thorax. METHODS Patients who(More)
The purpose of this study is to determine the recommended dose (RD) of proton beam therapy (PBT) for inoperable stage III non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC). We tested two prescribed doses of PBT: 66 Gy (relative biological effectiveness [RBE]) in 33 fractions and 74 Gy (RBE) in 37 fractions in arms 1 and 2, respectively. The planning target volume (PTV)(More)