Shigeyuki Kawano

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Although mitochondria are inherited uniparentally in nearly all eukaryotes, the mechanism for this is unclear. When zygotes of the isogamous protist Physarum polycephalum were stained with DAPI, the fluorescence of mtDNA in half of the mitochondria decreased simultaneously to give small spots and then disappeared completely approximately 1.5 hr after(More)
Photosynthetic carbon partitioning into starch and neutral lipids, as well as the influence of nutrient depletion and replenishment on growth, pigments and storage compounds, were studied in the microalga, Parachlorella kessleri. Starch was utilized as a primary carbon and energy storage compound, but nutrient depletion drove the microalgae to channel fixed(More)
Eukaryotic chromosomal ends are protected by telomeres, which are thought to play an important role in ensuring the complete replication of chromosomes. On the other hand, non-functional telomere-like repeats in the interchromosomal regions (interstitial telomeric repeats; ITRs) have been reported in several eukaryotes. In this study, we identified eight(More)
The complete sequence of the mitochondrial DNA (mtDNA) of the true slime mold Physarum polycephalum has been determined. The mtDNA is a circular 62,862-bp molecule with an A+T content of 74.1%. A search with the program BLAST X identified the protein-coding regions. The mitochondrial genome of P. polycephalum was predicted to contain genes coding for 12(More)
Torenia fournieri Lind. has a naked embryo sac that protrudes from the micropyle. The precise time course of the entire process of double fertilization and the kinetics of fertilization events were determined in this species by the following methods: (i) without squashing, pollen tubes on the torn stylar canal were observed by fluorescence microscopy after(More)
Silene latifolia is a dioecious plant and has heteromorphic sex chromosomes: the X and Y chromosomes. The Y chromosome is the largest, and its genetic control seems to be most strict among dioecious plants. To identify the putative sex-determination elements on the Y chromosome, random amplified polymorphic DNA (RAPD) analysis was used to screen for Y(More)
The behavior of organelle nucleoids and cell nuclei was studied in the shoot apical meristem and developing first foliage leaves of Arabidopsis thaliana. Samples were embedded in Technovit 7100 resin, cut into thin sections and stained with 4′-6-diamidino-2-phenylindole to observe DNA. Fluorimetry was performed using a video-intensified microscope(More)
When the female plant of Silene latifolia is infected with the smut fungus Microbotryum violaceum, its rudimentary stamens develop into anthers which contain fungus teliospores instead of pollen. To identify genes required for maturation of anthers in S. latifolia, we performed a cDNA subtraction approach with healthy male buds and female buds infected with(More)
Y chromosomes carry genes with functions in male reproduction and often have few other loci. Their evolution and the causes of genetic degeneration are of great interest. In addition to genetic degeneration, the acquisition of autosomal genes may be important in Y chromosome evolution. We here report that the dioecious plant Silene latifolia harbors a(More)
The satellite DNA (satDNA) on the ends of chromosomes has been isolated and characterized in the dioecious plant Silene latifolia. BAC clones containing large numbers of repeat units of satDNA in a tandem array were isolated to examine the clustering of the repeat units. satDNA repeat units were purified from each isolated BAC clone and sequenced. To(More)