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Bacteriological properties and DNA-DNA homology values were compared among the pathogen causing bacterial shoot blight of pear (BSBP) isolated in 1994–1996, Erwinia amylovora isolated outside of Japan, and other Amylovora group bacteria. Bacteriological properties of BSBP strains were identical to those of E. amylovora in the majority of tests, but differed(More)
Black lesions on shoots of European pear trees observed in an orchard in Yamagata Prefecture in May 2007 were suspected to be caused by a bacterial pathogen. The surface of the colonies isolated on a high sucrose medium did not have the crater morphology that is characteristic of E. amylovora bvs. 1–3, and a specific DNA fragment was amplified from the(More)
Serological properties were compared among four biovars of Erwinia amylovora. Two biovars (bvs. 1 and 2) from Maloideae sources outside of Japan, one (bv. 3) from Rubus idaeus and one causing bacterial shoot blight of pear (bv. 4) had different reactions in Ouchterlony double diffusion tests using living cells and lipopolysaccharides (LPS) as antigens.(More)
Bacteria were isolated from black lesions on shoots of European pear trees (Pyrus communis L.) in an orchard in Japan. Previous characterization of this novel pathogen by phenotypic and genotypic methods suggested that it should belong to the genus Erwinia but might not correspond to either Erwinia amylovora or Erwinia pyrifoliae. Here, phylogenetic(More)
Invasion of apple fruit by Erwinia amylovora from fruit-bearing twigs through the abscission layer at fruit maturation was examined. Erwinia amylovora (ca. 105 cfu) tagged with bioluminescence genes from Vibrio fischeri was deposited in artificial wounds on fruit-bearing twigs of apple trees grown in a containment greenhouse on September 22, 27, or October(More)
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