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The purpose of this study was to investigate the relationship between muscle fascicle length and sprint running performance in 37 male 100-m sprinters. The sample was divided into two performance groups by the personal-best 100-m time: 10.00-10.90 s (S10; n = 22) and 11.00-11.70 s (S11; n = 15). Muscle thickness and fascicle pennation angle of the vastus(More)
The incidence of hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) was prospectively studied in 251 chronic hepatitis patients, and was compared between the 127 cases of hepatitis B and 124 cases of hepatitis C. All patients were diagnosed by needle biopsy on entering the study, and the cases consisted of chronic persistent hepatitis (CPH), chronic active hepatitis (CAH)2a,(More)
Vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) has been investigated as a potent mediator of brain tumor angiogenesis, vascular permeability, and glioma growth. Using a VEGF ELISA, we determined the concentration of VEGF in the sera and tumor extracts of 19 brain tumor patients including glioblastoma, anaplastic astrocytoma, low grade astrocytoma, meningioma,(More)
1. Experiments were undertaken to provide evidence for the existence of a circuit of neuronal interconnections between the supraoptic nucleus (SON), the ventral anteroventral third ventricular region (including the organum vasculosum of the lamina terminalis; ventral AV3V) and the median preoptic nucleus (MnPO), and to determine the importance of these(More)
Slug, a member of the Snail family of transcription factors, plays a crucial role in the regulation of epithelial-mesenchymal transition (EMT) by suppressing several epithelial markers and adhesion molecules including E-cadherin. Recently, several studies have reported Slug to be expressed in breast carcinoma, oesophageal carcinoma accompanied with shorter(More)
A clonal bovine intramuscular preadipocyte (BIP) line has been established from the intramuscular white adipose tissue of the M. longissimus thoracis in each of three Japanese Black cattle. Exponentially growing BIP cells exhibited a fibroblastic appearance. Adipocyte differentiation was initiated by treating confluent BIP cells with differentiation medium(More)
Recently the use of a transparent hood attached to the tip of the colonoscope has been reported to be useful in cecal intubation, especially in difficult colonoscopy cases. However, patient comfort with or without the use of a transparent hood, the type of colonoscope most suitable for this device have not been fully evaluated. A total of 372 patients(More)
BACKGROUND The mutant-allele-specific amplification (MASA) method is capable of detecting 1 genetically altered tumor cell among thousands of normal cells. The MASA enabled us to detect occult tumor cells undetectable by histopathologic examination of lymph nodes and blood samples. METHODS To investigate whether tumor manipulation during operation(More)
The search for reliable marker molecules discriminating between human Th1 and Th2 cells identified a gene encoding a novel member of the G protein-coupled leukocyte chemoattractant receptor family, which is selectively expressed in Th2 but not Th1 lineage cells, thereby named CRTH2 (chemoattractant receptor-homologous molecule expressed on Th2 cells).(More)