Shigetoshi Yano

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Although Ca2+-stimulated cAMP response element binding protein- (CREB-) dependent transcription has been implicated in growth, differentiation, and neuroplasticity, mechanisms for Ca2+-activated transcription have not been defined. Here, we report that extracellular signal-related protein kinase (ERK) signaling is obligatory for Ca2+-stimulated(More)
OBJECTIVE To investigate the characteristic clinical behavior and develop guidelines for the clinical management of posterior cerebral artery aneurysms, we reviewed 21 cases treated during a 15-year period. METHODS Between 1988 and 2002, we treated 21 patients (10 male, 11 female; mean age, 49.8 yr) with posterior cerebral artery aneurysms at Kumamoto(More)
OBJECT Glioblastoma multiforme (GBM) remains incurable by conventional treatments, although some patients experience long-term survival. A younger age, a higher Karnofsky Performance Scale (KPS) score, more aggressive treatment, and long progression-free intervals have been reported to be positively associated with long-term postoperative patient survival.(More)
Brain tumors are the most common solid tumors in children and their prognosis is poor. Epidemiologic data from a population-based cancer registry provide the information necessary to determine the incidence rate of pediatric brain tumors. The aim of this study was to determine the epidemiology of childhood primary intracranial tumors in Kumamoto Prefecture,(More)
BACKGROUND The natural course of unruptured vertebral artery dissecting aneurysms (VADAs) remains unclear. OBJECTIVE The purpose of this retrospective study was to develop a strategy for treating unruptured VADAs based on long-term follow-up. METHODS Our study population consisted of 100 patients with unruptured VADAs; in 66, the initial symptom was(More)
Ischemic tolerance is well known as a neuroprotective effect of pre-conditioning ischemia against delayed neuronal death, however, the mechanism or mechanisms underlying this effect are not fully understood. We investigated the relationship between CREB and ischemic tolerance in gerbil hippocampal CA1 neurons using CRE decoy oligonucleotide. Sublethal(More)
OBJECT To determine the indications for surgery in patients harboring asymptomatic meningiomas, the authors retrospectively analyzed the natural course and surgical outcome of asymptomatic meningiomas and then compared these to the natural course and surgical outcome of symptomatic meningiomas. METHODS Between 1989 and 2003, 1434 patients harboring(More)
OBJECTIVE We analyzed the community incidence and early prognosis of first-ever aneurysmal subarachnoid hemorrhages (SAHs) to obtain the same prognostic information used by physicians and families in a defined geographic area in Japan. METHODS During the 5-year period from January 1, 1996, to December 31, 2000, 2115 patients were registered in the Data(More)
OBJECTIVE We performed a retrospective study to assess long-term outcomes in very old patients with ruptured intracranial aneurysms. The aim of the study was to develop guidelines for choosing surgical or conservative treatment with the goal of maintaining patients' quality of life. METHODS Between 1996 and 1999, 76 consecutive patients, aged 80 to 89(More)
Murin-double-minute 2 (MDM2) is an important negative regulator of the p53 tumor suppressor, and affects the p53 protein level and transcriptional activity. The genotype of the single nucleotide polymorphism in the promoter region of MDM2 (single nucleotide polymorphism [SNP] 309) is associated with the MDM2 protein expression level and the onset age of(More)