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Recent observations have suggested significant worldwide increase in the prevalence of allergic rhinitis and cedar pollinosis. In Japan, Japanese cedar (Cryptometria japonica) and Japanese cypress (Chamaecyparis obtusa) pollens are considered to be the major unique allergens and their extent of dispersal is quite large, travelling more than 100km and thus(More)
The exposure-excretion relationship and possible health effects of exposure to methanol vapor were studied in 33 exposed workers during the second half of 2 working weeks. Urinary methanol concentrations were also determined in 91 nonexposed subjects. The geometric mean value for methanol in urine samples from the latter was less than 2 mg/l (95% upper(More)
The genotoxicity of beryllium, gallium and antimony compounds was studied with the rec, Salmonella mutagenicity and SCE assays. In the rec assay, all the salts of the metals, BeCl2, Be(NO3)2, GaCl3, Ga(NO3)3, SbCl3, SbCl5, and an oxide, Sb2O3, had DNA-damaging activity. None of the compounds was mutagenic to Salmonella. In the SCE assays using V79 cells, 2(More)
Monitoring by means of blood and urine analysis for methanol was successfully applied in 32 male workers who were exposed to methyl methacrylate (MMA) monomer at 6 ppm as a geometric mean and at 112 ppm as the maximum. Measurement of time-weighted average (TWA) intensity of the vapor exposure was successfully conducted with a diffusive sampler with(More)
A survey of solvent was conducted for 196 unit work areas in 95 plants in 1994 to 1996 in Hiroshima Prefecture, Japan. The survey had been repeated every 6 months (i.e., twice a year) during the 3-year period. Sampling and analysis of the solvent vapors were carried out after national protocols set by the regulation. Toluene was most frequently detected(More)
Accurate and detailed pollen monitoring is useful for selection of medication and for allergen avoidance in patients with allergic rhinitis. Burkard and Durham pollen samplers are commonly used, but are labor and time intensive. In contrast, automatic pollen counters allow simple real-time pollen counting; however, these instruments have difficulty in(More)
Matrix metalloproteinase 9 (MMP9) gene has been shown to be involved in the pathogenesis of allergic rhinitis (AR) and asthma. Previous studies suggested that single-nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) of the MMP9 gene conferred a risk for childhood asthma. However, whether the SNPs confer a risk for AR has not been previously investigated. The objective of(More)
PURPOSE Human Valpha24 natural killer T (Valpha24 NKT) cells bearing an invariant Valpha24JalphaQ antigen receptor are activated by a glicolipid ligand alpha-galactosylceramide (alphaGalCer; KRN7000) in a CD1d-dependent manner. The human Valpha24 NKT cells activated with alphaGalCer and interleukin-2 have been shown to produce large amounts of cytokines,(More)
The aim of this clinical trial was to investigate the feasibility of intra-arterial infusion of in vitro-expanded Valpha24 natural killer T (NKT) cells combined with submucosal injection of alpha-galactosylceramide (KRN7000; alphaGalCer)-pulsed antigen-presenting cells (APC). A phase I clinical study was carried out in patients with head and neck squamous(More)
BACKGROUND Hypopharyngeal squamous cell carcinoma (HSCC) is an aggressive malignancy with one of the worst prognoses among all head and neck cancers. Greater understanding of the pertinent molecular oncogenic pathways could help improve diagnosis, therapy, and prevention of this disease. The aim of this study was to identify tumour-suppressive microRNAs(More)