Shigeto Kitano

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The cytotoxic effects of hypoxia and excitatory amino acids on cultured retinal ganglion cells were studied. The influence of coculture with retinal Müller glia and cortical astrocytes on cell survival was evaluated, as were the effects of the N-methyl-DL-aspartate inhibitor, MK-801. Dissociated retinal neurons from 7-day-old Sprague-Dawley rats were plated(More)
PURPOSE Knowledge of the mechanisms by which retinal ganglion cells are damaged may provide information required to develop novel treatments for diseases that cause retinal ganglion cell death. The authors investigated whether the expression of the 72-kDa heat shock protein in cultured rat retinal ganglion cells increases tolerance to hypoxic and(More)
The transport of fluorescein monoglucuronide, a fluorescent metabolite of fluorescein, from the vitreous was studied. Ten microliter of 1 mM fluorescein monoglucuronide or fluorescein solution was injected into the rabbit vitreous body, and the vitreous concentration was measured every 2 hr. The rate of loss from the vitreous was 0.066 +/- 0.012 (SD)/hour(More)
This paper develops a model for balance-of-payments (BOP) crises triggered by an external shock. Whether an external shock induces a BOP crisis depends crucially on the sequence of policy actions taken by the government's monetary and fiscal authorities. If the fiscal authority moves first and imposes an exogenous constraint on the monetary authority, an(More)
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