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BACKGROUND For elderly patients, posterior lumbar interbody fusion (PLIF) or transforaminal lumbar interbody fusion (TLIF) is usually performed to treat lumbar degenerative diseases. However, some(More)
The goal of this study was to compare the accuracy and cranial facet joint violation rates between percutaneous pedicle screw placements using conventional fluoroscopy and intraoperative 3-D CT(More)
BACKGROUND CONTEXT Surgical outcome and the severity of cervical spondylotic myelopathy (CSM) are unpredictable and cannot be estimated by conventional anatomical magnetic resonance imaging (MRI).(More)