Shigetada Kozai

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3-(3,5-Dimethylbenzyl)uracil (3) was treated with alkyl halides in the presence of alkali to give 1-substituted congeners. Condensation of 3 with alcohols using the Mitsunobu reaction was also employed as an alternative method. The anti-HIV-1 activity of 1-substituted analogues of 3-(3,5-dimethylbenzyl)uracil was evaluated according to previously(More)
The development of new non-nucleoside reverse transcriptase inhibitors (NNRTIs) is an efficient strategy for finding new therapeutic agents against human immunodeficiency virus (HIV). A large number of 6-substituted uracil derivatives have been prepared in order to explore new NNRTIs. However, there are few approaches to anti-HIV agents from(More)
A general procedure to obtain tetra-substituted uric acid by stepwise N-alkylation is described. 2,6-Dichloropurine (1) was condensed with 1-propanol by Mitsunobu reaction to give 9-propyl congener (2). Treatment of 2 with ammonia gave adenine derivative (4a), which was converted to the 8-oxoadenine (5b) in 3 steps. Methylation of 5b proceeded(More)
1,3-disubstituted uracils were obtained from uracil by the stepwise alkylation at N-1 and N-3 position with alkyl halide/alkali or alcohol under Mitsunobu conditions. The antiviral activity against HIV-1 of these compounds was examined to find that 1-cyanomethyl-3-(3,5-dimethylbenzyl)uracil and 1-phenyl-3-(3,5-dimethyl-benzyl)uracil showed powerful(More)
Reaction of tri-O-acetyluridine (1) with benzyl bromide or 2-chloroacetophenone in the presence of K2CO3 gave the N3-substituted analogues 2a,c. Condensation of 1 with (+/-)-1-phenylethanol or 3,5-dimethylbenzyl alcohol using the Mitsunobu reaction also gave 2b,d in good yields. These compounds were allowed to react with Lawesson's reagent and were(More)
A new method to introduce a benzyl group onto the 2'-OH of purine ribonucleoside is described. Thus, 6-chloropurine 3'-O-benzoylriboside and its 5'-O-trityl congener were condensed with benzyl alcohol using the Mitsunobu reaction to give the 2'-O-benzyl derivative. The yields were varied from 4.6 to 62.9% depending on the solvent used. The product was(More)
Antiviral activity of 1,3-disubstituted uracil derivatives was evaluated against HIV-1 and HCMV. It appears that the nitrogen of the 1-cyanomethyl group is important for anti-HIV-1 activity, suggesting interaction with the amino acid residues of HIV-1 reverse transcriptase. 1-Arylmethyl derivatives also exhibited good anti-HIV-1 activity; and that of the 2-(More)
Theophylline was converted to 7-(2-phenyl-2-methanesulfonyloxy)ethyl congener and the product was treated with ammonia or primary amines in a mixture solution of water and organic solvents. Two products were proven to be the styrene analogue and 7-(2-amino-2-phenylethyl)theophylline. The structure of the third product was elucidated as the(More)
The protected analogue of 2-amnio-6-chloropurine arabinoside (3b) was subjected to reaction with diethylaminosulfur trifluoride (DAST) and subsequently treated with NaOAc in Ac2O/AcOH to give N2, O3', O5'-triacetyl-2'-deoxy-2'-fluoroguanosine (5a). After deacetylation of the sugar moiety and protection of 5'-OH by a 4,4'-dimethoxytrityl group, this(More)