Shigeru Tansho

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The effects of lactoferrin (LF), an antimicrobial protein secreted in body fluids, and its peptides in combination with azole antifungal agents were investigated by the micro-broth-dilution method in a study of Candida albicans. In the case of LF, its pepsin hydrolysate (LFhyd) or the LF-derived antimicrobial peptide Lactoferricin B (LF-B), the(More)
The protective effect of a Kampo medicine, Hochu-ekki-to (TJ-41) on experimental candidiasis in immunosuppressed mice was investigated. ICR mice were immunosuppressed by injection of prednisolone or cyclophosphamide, given TJ-41 orally and challenged intravenously with Candida albicans (day 0). Treatments with a daily dose of 1 g/kg/day of TJ-41 for 8 days(More)
The effects of aflatoxin (AF), a hepatotoxic agent and the strongest carcinogen in nature, on polymorphonuclear leukocyte (PMN) chemotaxis and chemiluminescence (CL) were studied. Luminol-dependent CL activity, which reflects the production of reactive oxygen species (ROS) from PMNs, was up-regulated to approximately 150% when PMNs were treated with 0.05(More)
Clinical management of patients undergoing treatment of oropharyngeal candidiasis with azole antifungals can be impaired by azole resistance. High-level azole resistance is often caused by the overexpression of Candida albicans efflux pump Cdr1p. Inhibition of this pump therefore represents a target for combination therapies that reverse azole resistance.(More)
During bacterial infection, activated polymorphonuclear leukocytes (PMNs) often cause inflammation and organ dysfunction in severely ill patients. Gene expression was analyzed in circulating PMNs isolated from these patients to determine the distinct expression profile. We focused on immunomodulatory genes, such as those for pattern recognition(More)
The prophylactic effects of a Basidiomycetes preparation, AHCC, against experimental opportunistic infections were investigated in leukopenic mice. In cyclophosphamide-induced leukopenic mice, oral or intraperitoneal administration of the AHCC at doses of 1000 or 50 mg/kg/day, respectively, for 4 consecutive days prior to Candida albicans infection(More)
Anti-Candida activity of murine neutrophils and its regulation by immunomodulators were studied in vitro. Murine neutrophils which were prepared from peritoneal-exudated cells inhibited the growth of Candida albicans at an effector: target (E/T) ratio of 30/1 or above. This anti-Candida activity of neutrophils was augmented by lipopolysaccharide from(More)
Prophylactic effects upon imunnosuppressed mice lethally infected by Candida albicans were examined in fractions prepared from a constituent herb of Juzen-taiho-to (TJ-48, Si-Quan-Da-Bu-Tang), rhizomes of Atractylodes lancea DC. The oral administration of water extract obtained from a residue after MeOH extraction of rhizomes significantly prolonged the(More)
The efficacy of itraconazole (ITZ) solubilized in hydroxypropyl-beta-cyclodextrin (ITZ-IV) was examined in a murine model of invasive pulmonary aspergillosis (IPA). Immunosuppressed mice were infected by the intratracheal inoculation of Aspergillus fumigatus conidia (2 x 10(6) conidia/mouse). Their body weight rapidly decreased and they died within 6 days(More)
A staining method with crystal violet (CV) was demonstrated to be useful for a simple, quick and objective assessment of in vitro growth inhibitory activity of leukocytes against Candida albicans cells. Candida cells incubated with murine neutrophils or macrophages for 14 hr in microwells were stained with CV and, after washing with 0.25% sodium dodecyl(More)