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The present study was performed to examine the relationship between schizophrenia-related personality and brain morphometry. Magnetic resonance (MR) imaging and schizophrenia-related personality scales extracted from the Minnesota Multiphasic Personality Inventory (MMPI) were administered to 42 university students. Analysis of the relationships between the(More)
OBJECTIVE The goal of this study was to evaluate the effects of the addition of tandospirone, a serotonin-1A (5-HT(1A)) agonist, to ongoing treatment with typical antipsychotic drugs, on two cognitive domains that are relevant to functional outcome in patients with schizophrenia. METHOD Twenty-six patients with schizophrenia who were receiving stable(More)
BACKGROUND The anterior limb of the internal capsule (ALIC) contains the anterior thalamic peduncle connecting the medial and anterior thalamic nuclei with the prefrontal cortex and the cingulate gyrus. The purpose of this study was to detect the volumetric changes in the ALIC in view of the putative abnormal frontothalamic connectivity in schizophrenia. (More)
BACKGROUND The purpose of this study was to test the hypothesis that the addition of tandospirone, a 5-HT(1A) partial agonist, to ongoing treatment with typical antipsychotic drugs, would improve memory function in patients with schizophrenia. METHODS Eleven outpatients (male/female = 7/4) with schizophrenia who had been on stable doses of haloperidol and(More)
Patients with schizophrenia exhibit impaired semantic memory as well as deficits in a wide range of language-related functions, such as verbal fluency, comprehension and production of complex sentences. Since language and memory disturbances may underlie some of the psychotic symptoms of schizophrenia, the present study investigated the specific association(More)
Simple schizophrenia is an uncommon disorder with unknown pathophysiology, and its position in the current diagnostic system is ambiguous. Brain-imaging studies may help to elucidate its pathophysiology. Five patients fulfilling both ICD-10 criteria for simple schizophrenia and DSM-IV criteria for simple deteriorative disorder underwent computed tomography,(More)
This study examined regional structural changes in the whole brain in 45 medicated patients with schizophrenia (23 males and 22 females), comparing with 42 age- and sex-matched healthy volunteers (22 males and 20 females). Automated voxel-based analysis on three-dimensional magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) was conducted using statistical parametric mapping(More)
We have previously reported bilateral volume reductions in the anterior limb of the internal capsule (ALIC) in patients with schizophrenia. The purpose of this study was to extend the volumetric measurements of ALIC to subjects with schizotypal features to explore the neurobiology underlying schizophrenia-spectrum disorders in view of the fronto-thalamic(More)
To clarify the developmental brain changes during adolescence, brain morphology was compared between healthy younger adolescent and elder adolescent subjects using both voxel-based morphometry (VBM) and volumetric region-of-interest (ROI) analysis of magnetic resonance imaging (MRI). High-resolution three-dimensional MRI scans were acquired in 23 (10 males(More)
Lack of normal structural asymmetry of the anterior cingulate gyrus (ACG) in patients with schizophrenia has been reported in our previous study. However, to our knowledge, no morphological studies of the brain have examined changes in ACG volume in patients with schizotypal features. We investigated the volume of the gray matter and the white matter of the(More)