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Since July 2002, bacteriologically confirmed shigellosis cases have increased, and multidrug-resistant Shigella dysenteriae serotype 1 strains have reemerged in patients hospitalized with diarrhea in Kolkata, India. The isolated strains of S. dysenteriae 1 showed resistance to chloramphenicol (80%), ampicillin (100%), tetracycline (100%), co-trimoxazole(More)
Fourteen flavonol glycosides including two new compounds were isolated from the leaves of two Diospyros plants (D. cathayensis and D. rhombifolia). The structures of isolated compounds were determined by spectroscopic analysis. The scavenging activity of 1,1-diphenyl-2-picrylhydrazyl (DPPH) radical of the isolated compounds was also investigated.
A shiga toxin-producing Escherichia coli (STEC) O26 strain resistant to cefotaxime (CTX) and cefpodoxime (but not ceftazidime) was isolated from the faecal sample of a 17-year-old outpatient with diarrhea. The double disk synergy test, twin test, polymerase chain reaction and sequence analysis confirmed that the strain produced CTX-M-3 type(More)
Vibrio cholerae O1 are classified into two biotypes, classical and El Tor, each encoding a biotype-specific cholera toxin. However, El Tor strains have recently emerged with a classical cholera-toxin genotype (El Tor variant). We characterized El Tor strains of V. cholerae O1 from travel-associated cases of cholera in Japan isolated from 1991 to 2006 by(More)
From September 1997 to November 1998, the French National Center for Salmonella and Shigella received 22 Shigella isolates recovered from 22 different patients suffering from dysentery. None of these isolates reacted with any of the antisera used to identify established Shigella serotypes, but all of them agglutinated in the presence of antisera to a(More)
Enteroaggregative Escherichia coli (EAggEC) are an important cause of diarrhea. Four types of AAF have been identified; however, their prevalence and association with virulence properties remain unclear. E. coli strains carrying the aggR gene as EAggEC that were isolated in Japan and Thailand (n = 90) were examined for AAF subunit genes, two toxin genes(More)
Drug resistance trends were investigated for 271 Vibrio cholerae O1 (V.c O1) and 401 V. cholerae non-O1 (V.c non-O1) strains isolated from mainly imported diarrheal cases during 1981-2001 in Japan. The results of drug resistance test using 8 drugs (CP, TC, SM, KM, ABPC, ST, NA, and NFLX) showed that 34.7% of the V. c O1 strains and 15.7% of V.c non-O1(More)
The plasmid is a very well-known mobile genetic element that participates in the acquisition of virulence genes, such as staphylococcal enterotoxins (SEs), via horizontal transfer. SEs are emetic toxins and causative agents in staphylococcal food poisoning (SFP). We herein identified the types of plasmids harbored by seven SFP isolates and examined their(More)
During 2000-2004, 13 Shigella strains that were untypable by commercially available antisera were isolated from children <5 years of age with acute diarrhoea in Kolkata. These strains were subsequently identified as Shigella dysenteriae provisional serovar 204/96 (n = 3), Shigella dysenteriae provisional serovar E23507 (n = 1), Shigella dysenteriae(More)