Learn More
Delirium occurs in 23% of sepsis patients, in which pro-inflammatory cytokines and nitric oxide are suggested to be involved. However, in animal experiments, even a subseptic dose of lipopolysaccharide (LPS) injection induces both pro-inflammatory cytokines and inducible nitric oxide synthase in the brain, suggesting that the brain oxidative reaction can be(More)
BACKGROUND Clonidine, an alpha-2 adrenoceptor agonist, is a common adjunct in both central and peripheral blocks. Dexmedetomidine, a more selective alpha-2 adrenoceptor agonist, is also known to enhance central neural blockades. Its peripheral effect, however, has not been fully elucidated. Thus, we evaluated the effect of dexmedetomidine and other alpha-2(More)
STUDY OBJECTIVE To investigate the use of propofol sedation using Bispectral Index (BIS)-guided target-controlled infusion (TCI) in dental patients with intellectual disability. DESIGN Single-center, prospective, randomized clinical trial. SETTING Academic outpatient clinic. SUBJECTS 40 ASA physical status 1 and 2 patients with intellectual(More)
Iron is known to be involved in neuronal diseases such as neurodegenerative diseases, brain ischemia and epilepsy. However, it is unclear if a high level of peripheral iron induces these pathological conditions. Since ferric nitrilotriacetate (Fe-NTA), a low molecule iron chelate, causes kidney carcinoma and diabetes in animals due to its strong and unique(More)
The oral administration of midazolam has often been used for sedation in pediatric patients. However, oral administration of an intravenous formulation of midazolam is difficult for younger pediatric patients because of its bitter taste. Liposomes have been developed as vesicles encapsulating various kinds of drugs to serve as a medical drug-delivery(More)
Adrenaline (epinephrine) is included in dental local anesthesia for the purpose of vasoconstriction. In Japan, adrenaline is contraindicated for use in patients receiving antipsychotic therapy, because the combination of adrenaline and an antipsychotic is considered to cause severe hypotension; however, there is insufficient evidence supporting this claim.(More)
Propofol and midazolam have a synergistic anesthetic action. One of the reasons for this is thought to be the inhibitory effect of propofol on midazolam metabolism. However, because both drugs bind strongly to serum protein, their interaction may not only involve the effects of propofol on midazolam metabolism, but may also involve propofol's effects on(More)
A novel method for the removal of inorganic arsenic(III) (As(III)), monomethylarsonate (MMA), and dimethylarsinate (DMA) from aqueous media, was proposed and investigated. This method involves the combined use of TiO2-photocatalyst and an adsorbent, which has a high ability of As(V) adsorption, under photo-irradiation. When an aqueous solution of As(III)(More)
BACKGROUND Patients with serious intellectual disability (ID) are occasionally unable to tolerate dental treatment when intravenous sedation or general anaesthesia (IVS/GA) is involved. In order to make a decision regarding the application of IVS/GA, the International Classification of Functioning, Disability and Health (ICF) is useful. Therefore, in this(More)
Hemorrhagic shock (HS) is an oxidative stress that causes intestinal tissue injury. Heme oxygenase 1 (HO-1) is induced by oxidative stress and is thought to play an important role in the protection of tissues from oxidative injury. We previously reported the ileum to be the most susceptible to HS-induced tissue injury site in the intestine because HO-1(More)