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(1-->3)-beta-D-glucan is a characteristic fungal cell-wall constituent. To assess the clinical usefulness of this glucan in screening for invasive fungal infection or fungal febrile episodes, we measured the plasma concentration at the time of routine blood culture in 202 febrile episodes by means of factor G, a horseshoe-crab coagulation enzyme that is(More)
Heat shock protein (HSP) 47, a collagen-specific molecular chaperone, is involved in the processing and/or secretion of procollagen. The present study was undertaken to investigate whether treatment with the antifibrotic drug pirfenidone attenuates the bleomycin (BL)-induced overexpression of HSP47 in the lungs. Male ICR mice were intravenously injected(More)
PURPOSE Irinotecan, a topoisomerase I inhibitor, is an effective agent for non-small-cell lung cancer (NSCLC). To determine the efficacy and toxicity of irinotecan and carboplatin, we conducted a phase II study in 61 patients with advanced NSCLC. METHODS Every 4 weeks, the patients received irinotecan 50 mg/m2 (days 1, 8 and 15) and carboplatin (day 1)(More)
Oocysts of cryptosporidia whose morphology resembled that of Cryptosporidium muris were found in the stool of 2 healthy girls in Surabaya, Indonesia. The oocysts were predominantly oval and measured 7.75+/-0.17 x 5.55+/-0.13 microm (mean+/-SD). The number of oocysts excreted were more than 10(5) per gram of stool. The oocysts were well stained with(More)
Hospital-based and community-based studies were conducted to understand the prevalence and mode of transmission of Cryptosporidium parvum infection in Surabaya, Indonesia. In both studies people with and without diarrhea were examined for oocysts. A community-based survey included questionnaires to a community and stool examination of cats. Questionnaires(More)
BACKGROUND Endoscopic submucosal dissection (ESD) permits removal of esophageal epithelial neoplasms en bloc, but is associated with esophageal stenosis, particularly when ESD involves the entire circumference of the esophageal lumen. We examined the effectiveness of systemic steroid administration for control of postprocedural esophageal stricture after(More)
Tuberculosis (TB) treatment can cause serious sequelae including adverse effects such as anti-TB drug-induced hepatotoxicity (ATDH). We performed a candidate gene-based association study between single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) in 10 genes in the antioxidant pathway and ATDH susceptibility. The subjects comprised 100 Japanese patients with pulmonary(More)
Antiviral medications with activity against influenza viruses are important in controlling influenza. We compared intravenous peramivir, a potent neuraminidase inhibitor, with oseltamivir in patients with seasonal influenza virus infection. In a multinational, multicenter, double-blind, double-dummy randomized controlled study, patients aged ≥ 20 years with(More)
Encapsulating peritoneal sclerosis (EPS) is a fatal complication that can occur in patients undergoing long-term peritoneal dialysis. It is characterized by bowel obstruction and marked sclerotic thickening of the peritoneal membrane. Although the mechanisms underlying the development of EPS are complex, angiogenesis, inflammation, and peritoneal fibrosis(More)
Idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis is a chronic inflammatory lung disease with interstitial fibrosis. As a potent proinflammatory cytokine, TNF has been suggested to play critical roles in the pathogenesis of the human disease and its animal model, bleomycin-induced pneumopathy. However, studies using TNF-deficient mice have demonstrated that TNF also has an(More)