Shigeru Kohno

Learn More
BACKGROUND Severe fever with thrombocytopenia syndrome (SFTS) is caused by SFTS virus (SFTSV), a novel bunyavirus reported to be endemic in central and northeastern China. This article describes the first identified patient with SFTS and a retrospective study on SFTS in Japan. METHODS  Virologic and pathologic examinations were performed on the patient's(More)
BACKGROUND Endoscopic submucosal dissection (ESD) permits en bloc removal of superficial esophageal squamous cell carcinoma. However, postprocedure stricture is common after ESD for extensive tumors, and multiple endoscopic balloon dilation (EBD) is required for recalcitrant cases. OBJECTIVE To evaluate the effectiveness of oral prednisolone in(More)
OBJECTIVE Endoscopic submucosal dissection (ESD) has the advantage over conventional endoscopic mucosa resection, permitting removal of early gastric cancer (EGC) en bloc, but long-term clinical outcomes remain unknown. A follow-up study on tumour recurrence and survival after ESD was conducted. METHOD ESD was performed for patients with EGC that(More)
(1-->3)-beta-D-glucan is a characteristic fungal cell-wall constituent. To assess the clinical usefulness of this glucan in screening for invasive fungal infection or fungal febrile episodes, we measured the plasma concentration at the time of routine blood culture in 202 febrile episodes by means of factor G, a horseshoe-crab coagulation enzyme that is(More)
BACKGROUND AND STUDY AIMS Endoscopic submucosal dissection (ESD) permits removal of colorectal epithelial neoplasms en bloc, but a substantial risk of procedure-related perforation has been reported. We sought to unravel the clinicopathological factors associated with the clinical outcomes of ESD for colorectal epithelial neoplasms in a large series. (More)
Cytogenetic examination of four Japanese hagfish species belonging to the order Myxinida (Eptatretus okinoseanus, E. burgeri. Paramyxine atami, and Myxine garmani) revealed differences in chromosome number between germ cells (spermatocytes and spermatogonia) and somatic cells (liver, blood, gill, and kidney). The differences in chromosome number between(More)
Of the 187 cases of infantile choledochal cyst treated at our hospitals, we encountered 13 with spontaneous perforation. All cases were under 4 years old. Eight cases were found to have biliary peritonitis and 5 had a sealed perforation. The shape of the extrahepatic bile duct was cystic in 8 and fusiform in 5. The cyst wall around the perforation was filmy(More)
Esophageal squamous cell carcinoma (ESCC) is often diagnosed at later stages until they are incurable. MicroRNA (miR) is a small, non-coding RNA that negatively regulates gene expression mainly via translational repression. Accumulating evidence indicates that deregulation of miR is associated with human malignancies including ESCC. The aim of this study(More)
Nitric oxide (NO) and related reactive nitrogen intermediates (RNI) are effective antimycobacterial agents and signal-transducing molecules. The present study uses microarray analysis to examine the effects of RNI on Mycobacterium tuberculosis gene expression. A common set of 53 genes was regulated by two chemically distinct nitric oxide donors. For a(More)
Because of the rapidly increasing incidence of serious candidal infections, a consensus conference of 22 investigators from the United States, Europe, and Japan was held to discuss strategies for the prevention and treatment of deep-organ infections caused by Candida species. Commonly asked questions concerning the management of candidal infections were(More)