Shigeru Higami

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Twenty-one patients with obstructive sleep apnea-hypopnea syndrome (OSAHS) were classified into three categories according to their pharyngeal stenosis patterns during sleep, as determined from endoscopic findings: (i) a falling type (n = 6); (ii) an all-round type (n = 11); and (iii) a bilateral type (n = 4). In all patients with the bilateral type, the(More)
Both the influence of comorbid obstructive sleep apnea-hypopnea syndrome (OSAHS) on daytime sleepiness and its pathological mechanism in 10 narcoleptic patients was studied. Mild elevation of esophageal negative pressure and obstruction in the velopharyngeal area, as observed by upper airway magnetic resonance imaging, during apneic episodes was observed in(More)
OBJECTIVES To determine the relation between severity of obstructive sleep apnoea (OSA) and degree of cerebral metabolic impairment. METHODS Fifty five patients with habitual snoring and excessive daytime sleepiness underwent standard overnight polysomnography and magnetic resonance spectroscopy separately. Proton MR spectra were measured with two(More)
Thirty-one patients, aged 22-71 years, with nocturnal apneic episodes and/or habitual snoring were studied with magnetic resonance spectroscopy (MRS) and diagnostic polysomnography separately to determine whether accumulation of lactate caused by cerebral hypoxia during sleep is associated with sleep-disordered breathing (SDB), aging and co-morbidities(More)
Prosthetic mandibular advancement (PMA) was applied to nine patients with obstructive sleep apnea syndrome (OSAS) and its therapeutic usefulness, mechanism of action, and clinical indication were discussed based on polysomnographic findings and serial examination of upper airway before and during PMA treatment. Apnea hypopnea index significantly decreased(More)
To assess whether hypersomnia in Prader-Willi syndrome (PWS) patients is related to the respiratory disorder during sleep (RDDS), we made a systematic evaluation regarding the relationship between the two disorders in three patients. All patients showed hypersomnia manifested as the long duration of night sleep and shortened sleep latencies of multiple(More)
The aggravation of obstructive sleep apnoea syndrome (OSAS) is reportedly associated with weight gain. The present study investigated the factors associated with worsening of respiratory functional parameters in Japanese OSAS patients who showed no body weight change during the follow-up period. A follow-up polysomnography (PSG) was performed in 82 patients(More)
In this study we investigated the non-linear properties of respiratory movement in patients with obstructive sleep apnoea syndrome (OSAS) during sleep without and with nasal continuous positive airway pressure (nCPAP). To calculate the correlation dimension (D2) in respiratory movement we applied an algorithm proposed by Grassberger and Procaccia.(More)
In order to clarify the efficacy and indication of prosthetic mandibular advancement (PMA) on obstructive sleep apnea syndrome (OSAS), we made a comparison of both the polysomnographic findings and the upper airway configuration between before and during PMA on 19 OSAS patients. During PMA, there was a significant decreased apnea hypopnea index compared to(More)
BACKGROUND Because in many locations the demand for sleep studies exceeds resources, we evaluated the utility of split-day in-laboratory studies (SDS) in highly selected patients. METHODS We studied 100 eligible cases: 68 males (age 48.6+/-1.3 [standard error, se] years, body mass index (BMI): 32.6+/-0.8 kg/m(2)) and 32 females (age 50.9+/-2.4 years, BMI:(More)