Shigeru Futamura

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Hydrogen generation from water, methane, and methanol was investigated with different types of nonthermal plasma reactors under different conditions. With a ferroelectric packed-bed reactor in N/sub 2/, hydrogen gas yield decreased in the order: methanol>methane>water. A similar trend was observed with a silent discharge plasma reactor, but substrate(More)
Reactor type and voltage properties affected the reforming behavior of 1% methanol in N/sub 2/ with nonthermal plasma. Methanol conversion increased with voltage frequency for both a ferroelectric packed-bed reactor (FPR) and a silent discharge reactor (SDR), but they showed different sensitivities to frequency change at fixed applied voltages. In the(More)
Photocatalytic oxidation of benzene in gas phase was carried out with a flow reactor at room temperature. In a humidified airstream ([H2O] = 2.2%), benzene was quantitatively decomposed to CO2 over UV-irradiated 1.0 wt %-Pt/TiO2 catalyst. When the benzene conversion was decreased, the selectivity to CO2 was decreased, while that to CO was increased. As the(More)
⎯ The decomposition of volatile organic compounds (VOCs) was investigated using a flow-type plasma-driven catalysis (PDC) system and a cycled system. In the flow-type PDC reactor a trade-off relation was observed between the formation of nitrogen oxides and the decomposition of VOCs. Complete decomposition of VOC to CO 2 was achieved with the cycled system(More)
Nonthermal plasma chemical decomposition of bromomethane (CH3Br) was investigated with a coaxial type packed-bed plasma reactor. It has been demonstrated that plasma chemical processing is an effective approach to decompose CH3Br in a wide concentration range. It has been shown that CH3Br decomposition reactivity depends on reactor operating factors such as(More)
Steam reforming of methane, ethane, propane and neopentane was investigated with two types of nonthermal plasma reactors. With a ferroelectric packed-bed reactor (FPR) in N/sub 2/, almost the same conversions were obtained for ethane, propane and neopentane, but methane was less reactive than these hydrocarbons. Hydrogen gas yield decreased in the order:(More)
CO/sub 2/ reforming of methane, propane, and neopentane was investigated with a ferroelectric packed-bed reactor (FPR) in N/sub 2/ at temperatures ranging from 298 K to 433 K. The reaction behavior of the hydrocarbons was greatly affected by their chemical structures and reaction temperature. At ambient temperature, hydrocarbon conversion decreased in the(More)
In the decomposition of methanol, dichloromethane, toluene, and their binary mixtures with nonthermal plasma in N<sub>2</sub>, the energy efficiency for the decomposition of each volatile organic compound (VOC) increased with its initial concentration. The addition of oxygen increased the maximum energy efficiency and the corresponding reactor energy(More)
The dynamic fliplike motion in the (R)-thalidomide dimer has been reported for the first time. The vibrational circular dichroism (VCD) spectrum of (R)-thalidomide in DMSO-d6 indicates the characteristic nu(CO) bands with opposite signs and reflects the structural property of the equatorial configuration of the phthalimide ring. On the other hand, the VCD(More)
Gas-solid heterogeneous photocatalytic oxidation of aromatic compounds in air was carried out at room temperature with a fixed bed flow reactor. The deposition of Rh on TiO2 catalyst improved the catalyst durability in benzene photooxidation. The Rh deposition reduced the amounts of carbonaceous materials on the catalyst surface that were the cause of(More)