Shigeo Yoden

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1 National Center for Atmospheric Research, Boulder, CO 80307 12 2 Department of Meteorology, University of Reading, Earley Gate, Reading RG6 6BB, 13 UK 14 3 NOAA Geophysical Fluid Dynamics Laboratory, Princeton, NJ 08542 15 4 Department of Atmospheric, Oceanic and Planetary Physics, Oxford University, Oxford 16 OX1 3PU UK 17 5 Laboratoire de Météorologie(More)
Andrew J. Charlton-Perez, Mark P. Baldwin, Thomas Birner, Robert X. Black, Amy H. Butler, Natalia Calvo, Nicholas A. Davis, Edwin P. Gerber, Nathan Gillett, Steven Hardiman, Junsu Kim, Kirstin Krüger, Yun-Young Lee, Elisa Manzini, Brent A. McDaniel, Lorenzo Polvani, Thomas Reichler, Tiffany A. Shaw, Michael Sigmond, Seok-Woo Son, Matthew Toohey, Laura(More)
The validity of approximating radiative heating rates in the middle atmosphere by a local linear relaxation to a reference temperature state (i.e., ‘‘Newtonian cooling’’) is investigated. Using radiative heating rate and temperature output from a chemistry–climate model with realistic spatiotemporal variability and realistic chemical and radiative(More)
The effect of stratospheric radiative damping time scales on stratospheric variability and on stratosphere– troposphere coupling is investigated in a simplified global circulation model by modifying the vertical profile of radiative damping in the stratosphere while holding it fixed in the troposphere. Perpetual-January conditions are imposed, with(More)
To study the conformational changes in the hemagglutinin (HA) molecule of A/seal/Mass/1/80 (H7N7) (Seal) influenza virus at low pH, a spin-labeling method was used. This method also permits study of antibody interaction with the HA. A synthetic nitroxide compound was used for spin-labeling of tyrosine residues of the isolated HA molecule. Electron spin(More)
A possible mechanism of neutralization of influenza virus by antibodies to the haemagglutinin molecule is proposed in addition to the generally accepted mechanism of blocking attachment to host cell receptors. This proposed mechanism involves interference with a low-pH-induced conformational change in the haemagglutinin molecule by bivalent binding of(More)
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