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OBJECT Cancer testis antigens (CTAs) were initially identified by their ability to elicit autologous T-cell-mediated immune responses in patients with melanoma. The CTA genes are widely expressed in a variety of human cancers, such as melanoma, breast cancer, lung cancer, esophageal cancer, and hepatocellular carcinoma; however, their expression in(More)
OBJECT The JC virus is a human neurotropic polyomavirus that causes progressive multifocal leukoencephalopathy and is closely related to simian virus 40. Several recent reports have indicated a possible association between the JC virus and the development of various human brain tumors. The authors examined the presence of JC virus DNA sequences in primary(More)
To increase our understanding of the molecular pathogenesis of medulloblastoma (MB), we utilized the technique of suppression subtractive hybridization (SSH) to identify genes that are dysregulated in MB when compared to cerebellum. SSH-enriched cDNA libraries from both human and Ptch+/− heterozygous murine MBs were generated by subtracting common cDNAs(More)
OBJECT The DNA repair enzyme O6-methylguanine-DNA methyltransferase (MGMT) inhibits the cytotoxic effect of alkylating agents on tumor cells. The presence of two nonconsensus glucocorticoid-responsive elements in the human MGMT promoter region indicates the potential regulation of MGMT expression by glucocorticoid agents. This study was performed to(More)
Several proteins are known to be markedly expressed in the brain during cerebral ischemia, however the change in protein profiles within the cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) after an ischemic insult has not been fully elucidated. We studied the changes in the CSF proteome in rat transient middle cerebral artery occlusion model. Surface enhanced laser(More)
PURPOSE The purpose of this study was to determine the relative contributions of biological and clinical predictors of survival in patients with medulloblastoma (MB). EXPERIMENTAL DESIGN Clinical presentation and survival information were obtained for 119 patients who had undergone surgery for MB at the Hospital for Sick Children (Toronto, Ontario,(More)
Brain tumors are a heterogeneous group of neoplasms with different origins, pathobiologies, treatments and prognoses. The collective contributions from the fields of neuro-oncology, neurosurgery, radiation oncology, neurology, neuropathology, neuroradiology and molecular biology have all led to significant advances in the treatment of certain brain tumors.(More)
Glioblastomas rarely metastasize outside the CNS. We biologically characterized a case of secondary glioblastoma associated with extracranial progression and distant metastasis. A 42-year-old male patient was subjected to craniotomy for a left temporal tumor (astrocytoma grade II) and subsequently underwent another 3 craniotomies due to tumor recurrences.(More)
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