Shigeo Takata

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Vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) is a strong angiogenic mitogen and plays important roles in angiogenesis under various pathophysiological conditions. The in vivo angiogenic activity of secreted VEGF may be regulated by extracellular inhibitors, because it is also produced in avascular tissues such as the cartilage. To seek the binding inhibitors(More)
Platelet-derived growth factors (PDGFs), potent mitogens and chemoattractants for mesenchymal cell types, play essential roles in development of several organs including blood vessels, kidney, and lung, and are also implicated in the pathogenesis of atherosclerosis and malignancies. Blood lipid mediator sphingosine 1-phosphate (S1P) regulates migration,(More)
AIMS The lysophospholipid mediator sphingosine-1-phosphate (S1P) activates G protein-coupled receptors (GPCRs) to induce potent inhibition of platelet-derived growth factor (PDGF)-induced Rac activation and, thereby, chemotaxis in rat vascular smooth muscle cells (VSMCs). We explored the heterotrimeric G protein and the downstream mechanism that mediated(More)
OBJECTIVE Calcium channel blockers (CCBs) are used as antihypertensive agents and have a strong vasodilatory effect; however, the sympathetic activation mediated by baroreflex might cause adverse effects. A recently developed CCB, azelnidipine, decreases the heart rate (HR) while lowering blood pressure (BP), possibly by inhibiting sympathetic nerve(More)
The aim of this study was to: (1) evaluate atrial electromechanical coupling using M-mode Doppler tissue; and (2) test its clinical impact for detecting atrial abnormalities in paroxysmal atrial fibrillation (AF). Using Doppler tissue, the time intervals from the onset of P wave until the backward motions of the right and left atrioventricular rings in the(More)
It has been shown that cigarette smoking increases blood pressure (BP) and heart rate (HR), and decreases muscle sympathetic nerve activity (MSNA) in healthy young smokers. The decrease in MSNA might be secondary to baroreflex responses to the pressor effect. We tested the hypothesis that cigarette smoking increases MSNA in smokers with impaired baroreflex(More)
Sympathetic activation in chronic heart failure (CHF) is greatly augmented at rest but the response to exercise remains controversial. We previously demonstrated that single-unit muscle sympathetic nerve activity (MSNA) provides a more detailed description of the sympathetic response to physiological stress than multi-unit nerve recordings. The purpose of(More)
INTRODUCTION Diabetes mellitus is one of the significant independent risk factors for the development of atrial fibrillation (AF). However, the pathophysiological mechanisms of the relationship have not been fully elucidated. METHODS AND RESULTS The genetic type II diabetes (GK) rats and their original (Wistar) ones were subjected to electrophysiological(More)
A 25-year-old woman was admitted because of acute myocarditis. Echocardiogram revealed hypokinesis of the left ventricle with increased wall thickness, but on day 7, the wall motion normalized. Cyclic variation of myocardial integrated backscatter on day I was reduced to 1.8 dB (normal range, 2.9-5.3 dB) and normalized to 3.2 dB on day 3. The normalization(More)
We speculated that the sphingosine-1-phosphate (S1P) receptor S1P(2), which uniquely inhibits cell migration, might mediate inhibitory effects on endothelial cell migration and angiogenesis, different from S1P(1) and S1P(3). Mouse vascular endothelial cells, which endogenously express S1P(2) and S1P(3), but not S1P(1), responded to S1P and epidermal growth(More)