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Many accessions (ecotypes) of Arabidopsis have been collected. Although few differences exist among their nucleotide sequences, these subtle differences induce large genetic variation in phenotypic traits such as stress tolerance and flowering time. To understand the natural variability in salt tolerance, large-scale soil pot experiments were performed to(More)
Stochastic resonance, in which noise enhances the response of a nonlinear system to a weak signal, has been observed in various biological sensory systems. We speculated that bone formation in response to mechanical loading could be enhanced by adding noise (vibration) to a standard exercise regimen. To test this hypothesis, three different loading regimens(More)
Seroprevalence of Bartonella henselae, Toxoplasma gondii, feline immunodeficiency virus (FIV) and feline leukemia virus (FeLV) infections was investigated in 1,447 domestic cats derived from the north (Hokkaido) to the south (Okinawa) prefectures in Japan. Of the cats investigated, 8.8% (128/1,447) were seropositive to B. henselae, 5.4% (78/1,447) to T.(More)
We examined the proliferation capacity and neuronal differentiation potency of canine bone marrow stromal cells (BMSCs). In addition, the microstructures of neuron-like cells after neuronal differentiation were observed under a scanning electron microscope. Canine BMSCs grew to confluency at 10.0 ± 2.5 days, and 3.8 ± 2.1 × 10(6) BMSCs were collected in one(More)
Hypodontia of permanent teeth was evaluated from orthopantomograms of 2072 apparently healthy pediatric patients at The Hospital of Nihon University School of Dentistry at Matsudo. The prevalence of congenitally missing teeth (CMT) was 8.7% in boys and 10.8% in girls, and 9.4% for both sexes combined. Most cases (67.8%) involved either one or two missing(More)
Although touch responses of plant roots are an important adaptive behavior, the molecular mechanism remains unclear. We have developed a bioassay for measuring root-bending responses to physical hardness in Arabidopsis thaliana seedlings. Our test requires a two-layer solid medium. Primary roots growing downward through an upper layer of 0.3% phytagel(More)
OBJECTIVE Coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG) with cardiopulmonary bypass (CPB) is associated with a systemic inflammatory response. This is mainly attributed to cytokine release caused by CPB and global myocardial ischemia. Coronary artery bypass grafting without cardiopulmonary bypass (off-pump CABG, OPCAB) is now accepted as a less invasive technique(More)
Cardiac ruptures after myocardial infarction are classified as ventricular free wall ruptures (FWR), ventricular septal ruptures (VSR), and papillary muscle ruptures (PMR). A combination of any two types of rupture is called "ventricular double rupture;" (VDR) and shows a specific clinical course. 3,284 patients with acute myocardial infarction (AMI) were(More)
Bone is subjected in vivo to both high amplitude, low frequency strain, incurred by locomotion, and to low amplitude, broad frequency strain. The biological effects of low amplitude, broad frequency strain are poorly understood. To evaluate the effects of low amplitude strains ranging in frequency from 0 to 50 Hz on osteoblastic function, we seeded MC3T3-E1(More)
Right ventricular (RV) Tei index (index of myocardial performance) has been demonstrated to be clinically useful in estimating RV function in various human cardiac diseases. The purposes of this study were to validate the correlation between RV Tei index and RV function obtained by cardiac catheterization in healthy dogs, and to evaluate the RV Tei index in(More)