Viruses of the genus Begomovirus (family Geminiviridae) are emergent pathogens of crops throughout the tropical and subtropical regions of the world. By virtue of having a small DNA genome that is easily cloned, and due to the recent innovations in cloning and low-cost sequencing, there has been a dramatic increase in the number of available begomovirus… (More)
Copyright: This is an open access paper. We use the Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 license that permits unrestricted use, provided that the paper is properly attributed.
Tomato yellow leaf curl virus (TYLCV) and Ageratum yellow vein betasatellite (AYVB) are members of the genus Begomovirus (family Geminiviridae). TYLCV and AYVB have been found in Japan over the last 15 years, and are associated with tomato leaf curl and the tomato yellow leaf curl diseases (TYLCD). AYVB is also associated with some monopartite… (More)
A quasi-spherical virus was isolated from a cultivated Amazon lily plant (Eucharis grandiflora) that could be mechanically transmitted to healthy E. grandiflora plants, subsequently producing mild mosaic or mottle symptoms on the leaves. The purified virus consisted of three quasi-spherical particles about 20 nm wide and 70, 40 and 30 nm in length,… (More)
The electronic structures and structural properties of body-centered cubic Ti-Mo alloys were studied by first-principles calculations. The special quasirandom structures (SQS) model was adopted to emulate the solid solution state of the alloys. The valence band electronic structures of Ti-Mo and Ti-Mo-Fe alloys were measured by hard x-ray photoelectron… (More)
Core-level and valence band spectra of In x Ga1-x N films were measured using hard x-ray photoemission spectroscopy (HX-PES). Fine structure, caused by the coupling of the localized Ga 3d and In 4d with N 2s states, was experimentally observed in the films. Because of the large detection depth of HX-PES (∼20 nm), the spectra contain both surface and bulk… (More)
Potatoes are one of the most essential crops in irrigated fields of Syria. In 2007 we investigated whiteflies in autumn-cultured potato fields in six Syrian prefectures, Al-Hasakeh, Aleppo, Idleb, Hama, Homs and Damascus. Whiteflies were always observed in each investigation, and the density was 0.030-0.695 individuals per compound potato leaf. Moreover, in… (More)